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Priority dispatching strategies for EMS systems
TLDR
This study implements dispatching policies for EMS systems that incorporate the severity of the call in order to increase the survival probability of patients and a heuristic algorithm, that is easy to implement, is developed to dispatch ambulances for large-scale EMS systems.
Evaluating emergency medical service performance measures
TLDR
The results indicate that locating ambulances to maximize seven and eight min response time thresholds simultaneously maximize patient survival, which results in more equitable patient outcomes, with improved patient survival rates in rural regions.
A maximum expected covering location model with two types of servers
TLDR
This paper introduces the Maximum Expected Coverage Location Problem with Two Types of Servers (MEXCLP2) for determining how to optimally locate and use medical units (such as ambulances) in order to improve patient survivability and to provide insight into how to Optimally coordinate multiple types of medical units.
Optimal dispatching strategies for emergency vehicles to increase patient survivability
TLDR
The objective of this research is to determine how to optimally dispatch paramedic units to emergency calls to maximise patients' survivability, and forms the problem as Markov decision process to obtain the optimal dispatching policies.
A Dispatching Model for Server-to-Customer Systems That Balances Efficiency and Equity
TLDR
This paper forms a model for determining how to optimally dispatch distinguishable servers to prioritized customers given a set of equity constraints and draws upon the decision analytic and social science literature to compare the effects of different notions of equity on the resulting dispatching policies.
A model for optimally dispatching ambulances to emergency calls with classification errors in patient priorities
TLDR
A model for determining how to optimally dispatch ambulances to patients to maximize the long-run average utility of the system, defined as the expected coverage of true high-risk patients.
Districting and dispatching policies for emergency medical service systems to improve patient survival
TLDR
Computational results show that integrated districting and dispatching policies are vital in increasing patient survivability.
The tradeoff between technology and prescreening intelligence in checked baggage screening for aviation security
TLDR
The results indicate that the accuracy of the prescreening system in assessing passenger risk is more important for reducing the number of successful attacks than the effectiveness of the checked baggage screening devices at detecting threats when few passengers are classified as higher-risk.
Is Screening Cargo Containers for Smuggled Nuclear Threats Worthwhile?
TLDR
It is found that the conclusion about screening depends on key inputs to the probability model and to the value function (reflecting the stakeholders' fundamental objectives), and how additional factors affect the value of screening investments is found.
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