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Orexin A stimulates cortisol secretion from human adrenocortical cells through activation of the adenylate cyclase-dependent signaling cascade.
TLDR
The findings suggest that orexins selectively stimulate glucocorticoid secretion from human adrenocortical cells, acting through OX1-R coupled with the adenylate cyclase-dependent signaling pathway. Expand
Endocrine Disruptors and the Thyroid Gland—A Combined in Vitro and in Vivo Analysis of Potential New Biomarkers
TLDR
This approach involves novel in vitro or cell-based screening assays in order to assess thyroid hormone synthesis, transport, metabolism, and action as well as in vivo assays to measure thyroid hormone–regulated tissue-specific and developmental end points in animals. Expand
Expression of leptin and leptin receptor isoforms in the rat and human carotid body
TLDR
A role of circulating or locally produced leptin in the regulation of chemoreceptor discharge and/or metabolic sensing function, by means of direct action on type I cells is suggested. Expand
Spexin Expression in Normal Rat Tissues
Spexin is a highly conserved peptide which was recently identified through the bioinformatics approach. Immunohistochemical analysis of its expression has not yet been performed. Thus, in this study,Expand
Orexins modulate the growth of cultured rat adrenocortical cells, acting through type 1 and type 2 receptors coupled to the MAPK p42/p44- and p38-dependent cascades.
TLDR
It is concluded that orexins modulate the growth of rat adrenocortical cells cultured in vitro, by exerting both proliferogenic and antiproliferogenic effects, which are mediated by OX1-Rs and OX2-Rs, respectively. Expand
Sex Dimorphism in the Thyroid Gland
This study was designed to explain whether the sex-dependent differences in the structure of the thyroid gland of adult male and female rats depend on quantitative or qualitative changes in the thyroi
Sex differences in adrenocortical structure and function
TLDR
It is shown that sex differences with regards to rat adrenal size and weight depend upon the “physiologic atrophy” of the male adrenal cortex, while neither ovariectomy (8 weeks after operation) nor estradiol replacement has a conspicuous effect on the morphologic changes of this gland. Expand
Rat thyroid gland expresses the long form of leptin receptors, and leptin stimulates the function of the gland in euthyroid non-fasted animals.
TLDR
Findings suggest that systemically administered leptin stimulates growth and secretion of thyroid gland in the rat, through a direct mechanism involving Ob-Rb. Expand
Preproorexin and orexin receptors are expressed in cortisol-secreting adrenocortical adenomas, and orexins stimulate in vitro cortisol secretion and growth of tumor cells.
TLDR
The findings allow us to conclude that the orexin system is overexpressed in cortisol-secreting adenomas and suggest that oxin-A may act as an autocrine-paracrine regulator of the secretory activity and growth of some of these adrenal tumors. Expand
Neuromedin U receptor 1 expression in the rat endocrine pancreas and evidence suggesting neuromedin U suppressive effect on insulin secretion from isolated rat pancreatic islets.
TLDR
In all tested doses (1, 10, 100 nmol/l) NmU dose- dependently decreased insulin output by isolated pancreatic islets, which may suggest the involvement of Nm U in regulating the pancreatic branch of adipoinsular axis function. Expand
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