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Study of progesterone and cortisol concentrations in the Italian Friesian claw.
TLDR
Results show that cortisol and progesterone can be measured in the cattle claw horn, whereas the analysis of the calves' claw horns showed retrospective hormonal information similar to hair samples. Expand
Use of a live yeast strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a high-concentrate diet fed to finishing Charolais bulls: effects on growth, slaughter performance, behavior, and rumen environment
TLDR
The effect of yeast on DM intake was particularly relevant in the first weeks of fattening, possibly as a sign of better adaptation by bulls to the high-energy concentration of the finishing diet. Expand
Detection of insulin autoantibodies using an ELISA technique in first-degree relatives of IDDM patients and in autoimmune patients.
TLDR
An ELISA technique for the detection of IgG and IgM class IAA is improved demonstrating the sensitivity and the specificity of antigen-antibody reaction and the role of IAA as marker of B-cell damage is established. Expand
The natural history of pre-Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in patients with autoimmune endocrine diseases
TLDR
In patients with organ-specific autoimmune diseases, the whole islet cell antibody pattern greatly enhances the prediction for diabetes. Expand
An overview of claw disorders at slaughter in finishing beef cattle reared in intensive indoor systems through a cross-sectional study.
TLDR
Although all cattle inspected were supposed to have no evident locomotory problems before slaughter, the detection of several foot disorders and the considerable distribution in some batches might suggest poor conditions on farms affecting finishing beef cattle health, behaviour, and welfare. Expand
Effect of a ceiling fan ventilation system on finishing young bulls' health, behaviour and growth performance.
TLDR
Ceiling fans proved to mitigate some of the negative effects of heat stress on bulls' behaviour (rumination, lying down and drinking water) and respiration rate, however, the lack of a significant improvement of bulls' growth response should not discourage beef farmers from using ceiling fans in indoor systems. Expand
Time of occurrence and prevalence of severe lameness in fattening Charolais bulls: Impact of type of floor and space allowance within type of floor
TLDR
Assessing the prevalence of lameness in a large number of batches of Charolais bulls housed in deep litter (DL) or fully slatted concrete (FSC) pens with different space allowance found that severe lameness had a higher prevalence in bulls housed on FSC than on DL. Expand
Effect of the number of daily distributions of solid feed on veal calves’ health status, behaviour, and alterations of rumen and abomasa
TLDR
Increasing solid feed distributions did not improve calves’ health but it reduced non-nutritive oral behaviours by prolonging the time spent eating solid feed, which seemed not sufficient to justify the routinely adoption of this practice by veal producers. Expand
Health, behaviour and growth performance of Charolais and Limousin bulls fattened on different types of flooring
TLDR
Results of this study point out that fully slatted floors, regardless of being rubberized or not, are not suitable for bulls finished at a final BW above 700 kg due to their detrimental effects on health and welfare. Expand
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