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Declining Inequality in Latin America: A Decade of Progress?
Latin America is often singled out for its high and persistent income inequality. Toward the end of the 1990s, however, income concentration began to fall across the region. Of the seventeenExpand
Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class
After decades of stagnation, the size of the middle class in Latin America and the Caribbean recently expanded by 50 percent from 103 million people in 2003 to 152 million (or 30 percent of theExpand
Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico
Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures,Expand
A vulnerability approach to the definition of the middle class
Measurement of the middle class has recently come to the center of policy debate in middle-income countries as they search for the potential engines of growth and good governance. This debateExpand
Measuring the Distribution of Human Development: methodology and an application to Mexico
The Human Development Index (HDI) improves upon per‐capita Gross Domestic Product as an indicator of development by incorporating information on health and education. However, like its predecessor,Expand
Privatization and Its Benefits: Theory and Evidence
Privatization has been a key component of structural reform programs in both developed and developing economies. The aim of such programs is to achieve higher microeconomic efficiency and fosterExpand
Deconstructing the Decline in Inequality in Latin America
Inequality in Latin America unambiguously declined in the 2000s. The Gini coefficient fell in 16 of the 17 countries where there are comparable data, and the change was statistically significant forExpand
World Development Report 2017 : governance and the law
Why are carefully designed, sensible policies too often not adopted or implemented? When they are, why do they often fail to generate development outcomes such as security, growth, and equity? AndExpand
Crime and Growth Convergence: Evidence from Mexico
Scholars have often argued that crime deters growth, but the empirical literature assessing such effect is scarce. By exploiting cross-municipality income and crime data for Mexico -- a country thatExpand
Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries
This paper studies multidimensional poverty for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay for the period 1992–2006. The approach overcomes the limitations of the two traditionalExpand