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Adjustment for total energy intake in epidemiologic studies.
TLDR
Several disease-risk models and formulations of these models are available to account for energy intake in epidemiologic analyses, including adjustment of nutrient intakes for total energy intake by regression analysis and addition of total energy to a model with the nutrient density.
Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and incident type 2 diabetes in older women.
TLDR
A protective role for grains (particularly whole grains), cereal fiber, and dietary magnesium in the development of diabetes in older women is supported, after adjustment for potential nondietary confounding variables.
American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention: Reducing the Risk of Cancer With Healthy Food Choices and Physical Activity
TLDR
This committee presents one key recommendation for community action to accompany the four recommendations for individual choices to reduce cancer risk, recognizing that a supportive social environment is indispensable if individuals at all levels of society are to have genuine opportunities to choose healthy behaviors.
Prospective study of diet and ovarian cancer.
TLDR
The association of epithelial ovarian cancer with dietary factors in a prospective study of 29,083 postmenopausal women is investigated, generally in agreement with the results from previous, mostly case-control studies of diet and epithelial Ovarian cancer.
American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention
TLDR
Recommendations for community action to accompany the 4 recommendations for individual choices to reduce cancer risk recognize that a supportive social and physical environment is indispensable if individuals at all levels of society are to have genuine opportunities to choose healthy behaviors.
Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest.
TLDR
Dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from seafood is associated with a reduced risk of primary cardiac arrest.
Associations of general and abdominal obesity with multiple health outcomes in older women: the Iowa Women's Health Study.
TLDR
The waist-hip ratio was the best anthropometric predictor of total mortality and was associated less consistently than BMI or waist circumference with cancer incidence, and all anthropometric indexes were associated with incidence of diabetes and hypertension.
Whole-grain intake may reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease death in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study.
TLDR
A clear inverse association between whole-grain intake and risk of IHD death existed and a causal association is plausible because whole- grain foods contain many phytochemicals, including fiber and antioxidants, that may reduce chronic disease risk.
Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk.
TLDR
The authors found little evidence for interaction with other breast cancer risk factors, and data indicate that height is an independent risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer; in premenopausal women, this relation is less clear.
Early discontinuation and nonadherence to adjuvant hormonal therapy in a cohort of 8,769 early-stage breast cancer patients.
TLDR
Younger or older age, lumpectomy (v mastectomy), and comorbidities were associated with earlier discontinuation, while Asian race, being married, earlier year at diagnosis, receipt of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and longer prescription refill interval wereassociated with completion of 4.5 years of therapy.
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