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Sealing plant surfaces: cuticular wax formation by epidermal cells.
TLDR
An overview of the present knowledge of wax biosynthesis and transport and the regulation of these processes during cuticle assembly is presented, including the evidence for coordination of cutin polyester and wax production. Expand
CUT1, an Arabidopsis Gene Required for Cuticular Wax Biosynthesis and Pollen Fertility, Encodes a Very-Long-Chain Fatty Acid Condensing Enzyme
TLDR
Using the Arabidopsis expressed sequence tag database, a gene is identified that encodes a VLCFA condensing enzyme required for cuticular wax production, and this result indicates that CUT1 is involved in the production of V LCFA precursors used for the synthesis of all stem wax components inArabidopsis. Expand
Biosynthesis and secretion of plant cuticular wax.
TLDR
Biochemical-genetic and genomic approaches in Arabidopsis thaliana promise to be particularly useful in identifying and characterizing gene products involved in wax biosynthesis, secretion and function, and the current review will, therefore, focus onArabidopsis as a model for studying these processes. Expand
Plant Cuticular Lipid Export Requires an ABC Transporter
TLDR
It is found that the CER5 gene encodes an ABC transporter localized in the plasma membrane of epidermal cells and concluded that it is required for wax export to the cuticle. Expand
Disruptions of the Arabidopsis Enoyl-CoA Reductase Gene Reveal an Essential Role for Very-Long-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis in Cell Expansion during Plant Morphogenesis
TLDR
It is shown that very-long-chain fatty acid (VLCFA) synthesis plays an essential role in cell expansion and in planta that ECR is involved in all VLCFA elongation reactions in Arabidopsis. Expand
Characterization of Arabidopsis ABCG11/WBC11, an ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter that is required for cuticular lipid secretion.
TLDR
Results show that WBC11 functions in secretion of surface waxes, possibly by interacting with CER5, however, unlike ABCG12/C ER5, ABCG11/WBC11 is important to the normal process of cutin formation. Expand
CER4 Encodes an Alcohol-Forming Fatty Acyl-Coenzyme A Reductase Involved in Cuticular Wax Production in Arabidopsis1[W]
TLDR
Data indicate that CER4 is an alcohol-forming FAR that has specificity for very-long-chain fatty acids and is responsible for the synthesis of primary alcohols in the epidermal cells of aerial tissues and in roots. Expand
Identification of the Wax Ester Synthase/Acyl-Coenzyme A:Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase WSD1 Required for Stem Wax Ester Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis12[W][OA]
TLDR
The identification and characterization of WSD1, a member of the bifunctional wax ester synthase/diacylglycerol acyltransferase gene family, which plays a key role in Wax ester synthesis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) stems, as first evidenced by severely reduced wax esters levels of in the stem wax of wsd1 mutants. Expand
Plant cuticles shine: advances in wax biosynthesis and export.
TLDR
Major questions concerning alkane formation, intracellular and extracellular wax transport, regulation of wax deposition, and assembly of cuticular components into a functional cuticle remain to be resolved. Expand
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