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Anopheles funestus resistant to pyrethroid insecticides in South Africa
Northern Kwazulu/Natal (KZN) Province of South Africa borders on southern Mozambique, between Swaziland and the Indian Ocean. To control malaria vectors in KZN, houses were sprayed annually withExpand
A cocktail polymerase chain reaction assay to identify members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group.
A rapid rDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has been developed to accurately identify five members of the A. funestus group, a major malaria vector in Africa belonging to a group of species with morphologically similar characteristics. Expand
Bioassay and biochemical analyses of insecticide resistance in southern African Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae).
Insecticide exposure, synergist and biochemical assays conducted on A. funestus suggested that elevated levels of mixed function oxidases were responsible for the detoxification of pyrethroids in resistant mosquitoes in these areas. Expand
Laboratory selection for and characteristics of pyrethroid resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles funestus
Biochemical analysis of resistant and susceptible individuals showed increased monooxygenase and glutathione S‐transferase activity but no significant correlation with age of the mosquitoes. Expand
Highly evolvable malaria vectors: The genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquitoes
Anopheline mosquitoes exhibit a molecular evolutionary profile very distinct from Drosophila, and their genomes harbor strong evidence of functional variation in traits that determine vectorial capacity, which suggests an underlying genetic/genomic plasticity that results in variation of key traits determiningvectorial capacity within the genus. Expand
Distribution of the molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae and pyrethroid knock down resistance gene in Nigeria.
The data suggest that pyrethroid resistance in A. gambiae in Nigeria is not as widespread when compared to neighbouring West African countries. Expand
Characterisation of DDT, pyrethroid and carbamate resistance in Anopheles funestus from Obuasi, Ghana.
Biochemical analysis suggests that DDT and pyrethroid resistance may be metabolically mediated, although there were no clear correlations between enzyme levels/activities and insecticide resistance across families. Expand
Fungal infection counters insecticide resistance in African malaria mosquitoes
It is shown that insecticide-resistant Anopheles mosquitoes remain susceptible to infection with the fungus Beauveria bassiana, and fungal infection reduced the expression of resistance to the key public health insecticides permethrin and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane. Expand
Insecticide resistance in Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) from villages in central, northern and south west Ethiopia and detection of kdr mutation
BackgroundAnopheles arabiensis is the major vector of malaria in Ethiopia. Malaria vector control in Ethiopia is based on selective indoor residual spraying using DDT, distribution of long lastingExpand
Review: Improving our knowledge of male mosquito biology in relation to genetic control programmes.
A five year Joint FAO/IAEA Coordinated Research Project brought together researchers from around the world to investigate the pre-mating conditions of male mosquitoes, the mosquito mating systems and the contribution of molecular or chemical approaches to the understanding of male mosquito mating behaviour. Expand