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Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care
- L. Kirmayer, Lavanya Narasiah, K. Pottie
- Medicine, PsychologyCanadian Medical Association Journal
- 6 September 2011
Systematic inquiry into patients’ migration trajectory and subsequent follow-up on culturally appropriate indicators of social, vocational and family functioning over time will allow clinicians to recognize problems in adaptation and undertake mental health promotion, disease prevention or treatment interventions in a timely way.
Healing Traditions: Culture, Community and Mental Health Promotion with Canadian Aboriginal Peoples
There is evidence that strengthening ethnocultural identity, community integration and political empowerment can contribute to improving mental health in this population, and mental health promotion that emphasises youth and community empowerment is likely to have broad effects on mental health and wellbeing in Aboriginal communities.
Rethinking cultural competence
- L. Kirmayer
- PsychologyTranscultural Psychiatry
- 1 April 2012
This issue of Transcultural Psychiatry presents papers from the McGill Advanced study Institute in Cultural Psychiatry on ‘‘Rethinking Cultural Competence from International Perspectives,’’ which was held in Montreal, April 27 and 28, 2010, and shows how conceptual analysis and critique of cultural competence can point toward ways to improve the cultural responsiveness, appropriateness and effectiveness of clinical services, and in doing so contribute to reducing health disparities.
Rethinking Resilience from Indigenous Perspectives
- L. Kirmayer, Stéphane F. Dandeneau, Elizabeth Marshall, M. Phillips, K. Williamson
- PsychologyCanadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne…
- 1 February 2011
Observations from an ongoing collaborative project on resilience in Inuit, Métis, Mi'kmaq, and Mohawk communities are reported that suggest the value of incorporating indigenous constructs in resilience research.
The Mental Health of Aboriginal Peoples: Transformations of Identity and Community
- L. Kirmayer, G. Brass, Caroline Tait
- Psychology, MedicineCanadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne…
- 1 September 2000
Evidence for the social origins of mental health problems and the ongoing responses of individuals and communities to the legacy of colonization are summarized and illustrated.
Cultural variations in the clinical presentation of depression and anxiety: implications for diagnosis and treatment.
- L. Kirmayer
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
- 1 November 2001
Cultural variations in the clinical presentation of depression and anxiety may lead to underrecognition or misidentification of psychological distress, and Clinicians must learn to decode the meaning of somatic and dissociative symptoms.
Community Resilience: Models, Metaphors and Measures
In this paper, we discuss the importance of community resilience for Aboriginal health and well-being. The concept of resilience has been used in developmental psychology and psychiatry to describe…
Attributions of common somatic symptoms
The reliability and validity of a measure of attributional style, the Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire (SIQ), and three dimensions of causal attribution were confirmed: psychological, somatic and normalizing.
Evidence-based clinical guidelines for immigrants and refugees
(see Appendix 2, available at [www.cmaj.ca/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1503/cmaj.090313/-/DC1] for summary of recommendations and clinical considerations) There are more than 200 million…
Rethinking Historical Trauma
The comparison of the Holocaust and post-colonial Indigenous “survivance” suggests that the persistent suffering of Indigenous peoples in the Americas reflects not so much past trauma as ongoing structural violence.