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Interaction between Mutualisms: Ant‐Tended Butterflies Exploit Enemy‐Free Space Provided by Ant‐Treehopper Associations
Although mutualisms have been intensively investigated, demonstration of indirect effects between co‐occurring mutualistic systems is rare. For instance, the ecological consequences of co‐occurrenceExpand
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Trade-offs underlying polyphagy in a facultative ant-tended florivorous butterfly: the role of host plant quality and enemy-free space
The underlying mechanisms mediating the use of multiple host plants were investigated in Parrhasius polibetes (Lycaenidae), a florivorous and facultative myrmecophilous butterfly. Plant traits suchExpand
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Variation of Lygus species assemblages in canola agroecosystems in relation to ecoregion and crop stage
Abstract Plant bugs in the genus Lygus (Hahn) (Hemiptera: Miridae) are sporadic pests of canola, Brassica napus L. (Brassicaceae) and Brassica rapa L., in western Canada and infestations appear toExpand
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Immature stages of Parrhasius polibetes (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): host plants, tending ants, natural enemies and morphology
Natural history and immature stage morphology of the facultative myrmecophilous butterfly Parrhasius polibetes (Stoll) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) are described and illustrated through both light andExpand
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Natural history and morphology of immature stages of the butterfly Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) on flower buds of Malpighiaceae
The natural history and morphology of immature stages of Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) are described and illustrated for the first time, using both light and scanning electron microscopy. TheExpand
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Morfologia externa dos estágios imaturos de heliconíneos neotropicais : VI. Dione moneta moneta Hübner (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae)
TLDR
The external features of the egg, larva and pupa of Dione moneta moneta Hubner, 1825 are described and illustrated, based upon light and scanning electron microscopy. Expand
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Morfologia externa dos estágios imaturos de heliconíneos neotropicais : V. Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae)
The external features of egg, larva and pupa of Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Stichel, [1908]) are described and illustrated, based upon light and scanning electron microscopy.
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O estágio de ovo dos Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Based upon light and scanning electron microscopy, the external morphology of the egg stage is described and illustrated for the following Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from Rio Grande doExpand
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Immature stages of the butterfly Diaethria clymena janeira (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Biblidinae)
The immature stages (egg, larva, and pupa) morphology, larval and oviposition behavior, and host plant of the "eighty-eight" butterfly Diaethria clymena janeira (C. Felder, 1862) are described. EggsExpand
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Molecular phylogeny and higher systematics of the metalmark butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae)
Riodinidae is a highly diverse butterfly family with the majority of its genera restricted to the Neotropics and, despite previous efforts, its higher systematics remains unresolved. Here, we proposeExpand
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