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The sternalis muscle in the Bulgarian population: classification of sternales
TLDR
The sternalis muscle (musculus sternalis) is the name usually given to this common anatomical variant, but the terms ‘episternalis’, ‘presternalis’ and ‘sternalis brutorum’ are also used in the literature.
Axillary arch in human: common morphology and variety. Definition of "clinical" axillary arch and its classification.
TLDR
For the purpose of clinical practice, a new term--"clinical" axillary arch is defined, and its proper clinically oriented classification is presented.
Bilateral variations of the psoas major and the iliacus muscles and presence of an undescribed variant muscle--accessory iliopsoas muscle.
TLDR
A case of bilateral variations of the psoas major and the iliacus muscles combined with variations ofThe left and the right femoral nerves, which were found during the anatomical dissection of a female human cadaver, and an undescribed variant muscle accessory iliopsoas was observed.
Unusual coexistence of a variant abductor digiti minimi and reversed palmaris longus and their possible relation to median and ulnar nerves entrapment at the wrist.
TLDR
A coexistence of these variant muscles is described for the first time and it is suggested that it is a possible, even rare, cause of both the median and ulnar nerves entrapment and ulna artery thrombosis.
Intriguing variations of the tibial arteries and their clinical implications
TLDR
Reports of unusual course and branching pattern of the tibial arteries were discovered during routine anatomical dissection of the right lower extremity of a 61-year-old female cadaver, which discussed their clinical relevance.
Axillary arch in Bulgarian population: Clinical significance of the arches
TLDR
The axillary arch as an entrapment site for the axillary vessels and nerves is reviewed and for the first time, it was summarized clearly for clinicians.
Unusual high-origin of the pronator teres muscle from a Struthers' ligament coexisting with a variation of the musculocutaneous nerve.
TLDR
These findings indicate that in some rare cases of combined muscular-nerve variations, the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve can be added to the neurovascular structures possibly entrapped by the Struthers' ligament.
Radial Artery Coursing Behind the Biceps Brachii Tendon: Significance for the Transradial Catheterization and a Clinically Oriented Classification of the Radial Artery Variations
TLDR
A rare case of the radial artery which is very strange but potentially valuable for the clinical practice is reported: it arises at a right angle from the brachial artery and passes behind the biceps brachii tendon.
On the clinical significance of the sternalis muscle.
TLDR
During routine anatomical dissection, two cases of sternalis muscle were described and the available literature concerning the clinical importance of the sternalis was reviewed and summarized it clearly for clinical anatomists, plastic surgeons, breast surgeons and radiologists.
Aberrant muscles at the Guyon's canal
TLDR
Because in each one of the cases a portion from the aberrant muscle crossed over the ulnar nerve and artery in the Guyon's canal, both variant abductor digiti minimi muscles could be of clinical interest in differential diagnosis of Ulnar nerve entrapment.
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