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A process dissociation framework: Separating automatic from intentional uses of memory
Abstract This paper begins by considering problems that have plagued investigations of automatic or unconscious influences of perception and memory. A process dissociation procedure that provides anExpand
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On the relationship between autobiographical memory and perceptual learning.
  • L. Jacoby, M. Dallas
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • 1 September 1981
Although the majority of research on human memory has concentrated on a person's ability to recall or recognize items as having been presented in a particular situation, the effects of memory areExpand
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Remembering the data: analyzing interactive processes in reading
Past experience can facilitate subsequent perceptual activities as well as serve as the basis for recognition memory. However, the memory underlying perception is commonly assumed to be moreExpand
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An illusion of memory: false recognition influenced by unconscious perception
The results of two experiments showed that an illusion of memory can be produced by unconscious perception. In a first phase of those experiments, a long list of words was presented for study. ForExpand
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The Relation between Remembering and Knowing as Bases for Recognition: Effects of Size Congruency
Abstract In three recognition memory experiments, subjects studied a list of randomly generated geometric shapes, followed by a recognition test in which old items were either size congruent (sameExpand
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Perceptual enhancement: persistent effects of an experience.
  • L. Jacoby
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning…
  • 1983
Presenting a word enhances its later perceptual identification. This article focuses on the relation between this effect on perception and recognition memory. Prior experiments have revealed thatExpand
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Invariance in automatic influences of memory: toward a user's guide for the process-dissociation procedure.
  • L. Jacoby
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning…
  • 1998
TLDR
Three experiments investigated assumptions of the process-dissociation procedure for separating consciously controlled and automatic influences of memory. Expand
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Item-specific control of automatic processes: Stroop process dissociations
The influence of word reading on Stroop color naming decreases as a function of the proportion of test items that are incongruent. This proportion-congruent effect is usually ascribed to strategiesExpand
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Ironic effects of repetition: measuring age-related differences in memory.
  • L. Jacoby
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning…
  • 1999
Four experiments examined ironic effects of repetition, effects opposite to those desired (cf. D. M. Wegner, 1994). For an exclusion task, participants were to respond "yes" to words heard earlierExpand
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Separating conscious and unconscious influences of memory: measuring recollection
How can conscious and unconscious influences of memory be measured? In this article, a processdissociation procedure (L. L. Jacoby, 1991) was used to separate automatic (unconscious) and consciouslyExpand
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