A population based study
To determine the morbidity and mortality from childhood Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) meningitis in a well defined population, a large number of cases are diagnosed with Hib.
The performance of tests of publication bias and other sample size effects in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy was assessed.
Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative
If medical journals adopt the STARD checklist and flow diagram, the quality of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy should improve to the advantage of clinicians, researchers, reviewers, journals, and the public.
The development of a quality appraisal tool for studies of diagnostic reliability (QAREL).
The STARD Statement for Reporting Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy: Explanation and Elaboration
The STARD project group has developed a single-page checklist, which contains a clarification of the meaning, rationale, and optimal use of each item on the checklist, as well as a short summary of the available evidence on bias and applicability.
STARD 2015: an updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies
- P. Bossuyt, J. Reitsma, Jérémie F. Cohen
- Psychology, MedicineBMJ : British Medical Journal
- 28 October 2015
STARD 2015 is presented, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study, which incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy.
Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative.
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to improve the accuracy and completeness of reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy in order to allow readers to assess the potential for bias in a study and to evaluate the…
A comparison of methods to detect publication bias in meta‐analysis
Based on the empirical type I error rates, a regression of treatment effect on sample size, weighted by the inverse of the variance of the logit of the pooled proportion (using the marginal total) is the preferred method.
Cochrane Systematic Review of Colorectal Cancer Screening Using the Fecal Occult Blood Test (Hemoccult): An Update
- P. Hewitson, P. Glasziou, E. Watson, B. Towler, L. Irwig
- MedicineAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
- 13 May 2008
This review confirms previous research demonstrating that FOBT screening reduces the risk of CRC mortality and indicates that there is no difference in all-cause mortality between the screened and nonscreened populations.
Accuracy and surgical impact of magnetic resonance imaging in breast cancer staging: systematic review and meta-analysis in detection of multifocal and multicentric cancer.
There is a need to reduce FP MRI detection in detection of multifocal and/or multicentric cancer not identified on conventional imaging, however there is not enough evidence to determine the clinical value of detecting additional disease which changes surgical treatment in women with apparently localized breast cancer.