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PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation
TLDR
A PRISMA extension for scoping reviews was needed to provide reporting guidance for this specific type of knowledge synthesis and was developed according to published guidance by the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency of health Research) Network for the development of reporting guidelines. Expand
Meta-Analysis: Secondary Prevention Programs for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
TLDR
A systematic review to update earlier work and to determine the effects of different types of secondary prevention programs (particularly those with a structured exercise component versus those without) on mortality, MI, or hospitalization rates in patients with established CAD. Expand
Assessing the Risk of Bias of Individual Studies in Systematic Reviews of Health Care Interventions
TLDR
This Guide presents issues key to the development of Comparative Effectiveness Reviews and describes recommended approaches for addressing difficult, frequently encountered methodological issues. Expand
Systematic review of knowledge translation strategies in the allied health professions
TLDR
This is the first systematic review of the effectiveness of a variety of KT interventions in five allied health disciplines: dietetics, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physiotherapy, and speech-language pathology. Expand
Behavioural and Developmental Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Clinical Systematic Review
TLDR
It is suggested that Lovaas may improve some core symptoms of ASD compared to special education, but these findings are based on pooling of a few, methodologically weak studies with few participants and relatively short-term follow-up. Expand
Social media interventions for diet and exercise behaviours: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
TLDR
Social media may provide certain advantages for public health interventions; however, studies of social media interventions to date relating to healthy lifestyles tend to show low levels of participation and do not show significant differences between groups in key outcomes. Expand
Prognostic Value of the Quebec Classification of Whiplash-Associated Disorders
TLDR
The analyses of this study support the use of the Québec Classification of Whiplash-Associated Disorders as a prognostic tool for emergency department settings, and the authors propose a modification of the Classification using a subdivision of the Grade II category. Expand
EPC Methods: An Exploration of Methods and Context for the Production of Rapid Reviews
TLDR
This report is not intended to be a substitute for the application of clinical judgment and anyone who makes decisions concerning the provision of clinical care should consider this report in the same way as any medical reference and in conjunction with all other pertinent information. Expand
Testing the Newcastle Ottawa Scale showed low reliability between individual reviewers.
TLDR
Variable agreement and lack of evidence that the NOS can identify studies with biased results underscore the need for revisions and more detailed guidance for systematic reviewers using the N OS. Expand
Antipsychotics in Adults With Schizophrenia: Comparative Effectiveness of First-Generation Versus Second-Generation Medications
TLDR
Clear benefits of FGAs versus SGAs for treating schizophrenia remain inconclusive because of variation in assessing outcomes and lack of clinically important differences for most comparisons. Expand
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