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Ascending, unobstructed urinary tract infection in mice caused by pyelonephritogenic Escherichia coli of human origin.
A model for ascending unobstructed urinary tract infection was developed in mice to study the pathogenesis of urinary tract infection induced by Escherichia coli associated with urinary tractExpand
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HIV-1 viral escape in cerebrospinal fluid of subjects on suppressive antiretroviral treatment.
BACKGROUND Occasional cases of viral escape in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) despite suppression of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA have been reported. We investigated CSF viralExpand
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Distal Radioulnar Instability is an Independent Worsening Factor in Distal Radial Fractures
Distal radial fractures in patients who are younger than the age when osteoporosis usually develops are different from fractures in the elderly. Arthroscopy has revealed these fractures often have aExpand
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CSF amyloid β42 and tau levels correlate with AIDS dementia complex
There is concern that AIDS dementia complex (ADC) may be complicated by Alzheimer disease (AD). Because AD presence and risk are related to CSF β-amyloid(1-42) (Aβ42), total tau (t-tau), andExpand
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Amyloid and tau cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in HIV infection
BackgroundBecause of the emerging intersections of HIV infection and Alzheimer's disease, we examined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers related of amyloid and tau metabolism in HIV-infectedExpand
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Biomarker Evidence of Axonal Injury in Neuroasymptomatic HIV-1 Patients
Background Prevalence of neurocognitive impairment in HIV-1 infected patients is reported to be high. Whether this is a result of active HIV-related neurodegeneration is unclear. We examined axonalExpand
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Difference in susceptibility to gram-negative urinary tract infection between C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice.
The difference in susceptibility to urinary tract infection between C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice was tested for with gram-negative strains differing in lipopolysaccharide composition. Recently, impairedExpand
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Immune activation of the central nervous system is still present after >4 years of effective highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) effectively reduces human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), as well as in plasma. The effect on intrathecal immunoactivationExpand
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Cerebrospinal fluid neopterin: an informative biomarker of central nervous system immune activation in HIV-1 infection
HIV-1 invades the central nervous system (CNS) in the context of acute infection, persists thereafter in the absence of treatment, and leads to chronic intrathecal immunoactivation that can beExpand
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CSF amyloid beta42 and tau levels correlate with AIDS dementia complex.
There is concern that AIDS dementia complex (ADC) may be complicated by Alzheimer disease (AD). Because AD presence and risk are related to CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42), total tau (t-tau), andExpand
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