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Microplastics in the marine environment: a review of the methods used for identification and quantification.
This review of 68 studies compares the methodologies used for the identification and quantification of microplastics from the marine environment and suggests standardized sampling procedures which allow the spatiotemporal comparison ofmicroplastic abundance across marine environments. Expand
The Ecology of Rafting in the Marine Environment. II. The Rafting Organisms and Community
All available evidence suggests that rafting is an important process for the population dynamics of many organisms and that it also has had and continues to have a strong influence on coastal biodiversity. Expand
The ecology of rafting in the marine environment. I: The floating substrata
The currently abundant supply and the characteristics of floating items suggest that rafting continues to be an important dispersal mechanism in present-day oceans. Expand
Marine Anthropogenic Litter
This book describes how manmade litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and humanExpand
Epifauna dynamics at an offshore foundation--implications of future wind power farming in the North Sea.
The study explores the macrozoobenthos (biofouling) colonization at an offshore platform which is comparable to offshore wind turbine foundations and predicts that the M. edulis abundance will increase in the North Sea due to the expansion of the offshore wind farm development and will intensify filtration rates of the seawater. Expand
Fate of microplastics in the marine isopod Idotea emarginata.
The results indicate that microplastics, as administered in the experiments, do not clog the digestive organs of isopods and do not have adverse effects on their life history parameters. Expand
Spatio-temporal distribution of floating objects in the German Bight (North Sea)
Floating objects facilitate the dispersal of marine and terrestrial species but also represent a major environmental hazard in the case of anthropogenic plastic litter. They can be found throughoutExpand
Ocean acidification affects growth but not nutritional quality of the seaweed Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae, Fucales)
The results could not reveal any effects of ocean acidification on the per capita strength of the trophic interaction between F. vesiculosus and its consumers, however, reduced growth of the algae at high CO2-concentrations might reduce the capability of the seaweed to compensate losses due to intense herbivory. Expand
Citizen scientists reveal: Marine litter pollutes Arctic beaches and affects wild life.
The first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of Svalbard show deleterious effects of beach litter on Arctic wildlife, which is already under strong pressure from global climate change. Expand