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Self-medication with Antimicrobial Drugs in Europe
Antimicrobial drug self-medication occurs most often in eastern and southern Europe and least often in northern and western Europe.
Determinants of self-medication with antibiotics in Europe: the impact of beliefs, country wealth and the healthcare system.
TLDR
Interventions aimed at preventing self-medication should include public education, enforcing regulations regarding the sale of antibiotics, and implementing laws for dispensing exact prescribed tablet quantities in pharmacies.
Guideline for the management of acute sore throat.
TLDR
The European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases established the Sore Throat Guideline Group to write an updated guideline to diagnose and treat patients with acute sore throat and the Centor clinical scoring system can help to identify those patients who have higher likelihood of group A streptococcal infection.
Self-medication with antibiotics in Lithuania.
TLDR
The high prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics was found in Lithuania and indicated the need for more strict control of antibiotic sales and promotion of education of the correct use of antibiotic among Lithuanian people.
Are cultural dimensions relevant for explaining cross-national differences in antibiotic use in Europe?
TLDR
Power Distance is a cultural aspect associated with antibiotic use, suggesting that the culture-specific way people deal with authority is an important factor in explaining cross-national differences in antibiotic use.
Diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in the outpatient setting: a review.
TLDR
Immediate antimicrobial therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, nitrofurantoin, or fosfomycin is indicated for acute Cystitis in adult women and women with diabetes without voiding abnormalities presenting with acute cystitis should be treated similarly to women without diabetes.
Attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self-medication: a comparative European study.
TLDR
Public attitudes, beliefs and knowledge concerning antibiotic use and self-medication between 11 European countries were compared and the most pronounced differences were for awareness about resistance, followed by attitudes towards situational use of antibiotics.
Is self-medication with antibiotics in Europe driven by prescribed use?
TLDR
Prescribed use for URTIs (minor ailments such as throat symptom, influenza, etc.) increased the likelihood of self-medication with leftover antibiotics for these symptoms/diseases in all European regions.
Effectiveness of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Approach for Urinary Catheter-Associated Asymptomatic Bacteriuria.
TLDR
A multifaceted intervention targeting health care professionals who diagnose and treat patients with urinary catheters reduced overtreatment of ASB compared with standard quality improvement methods, and these improvements persisted during a low-intensity maintenance period.
Characteristics, drug combinations and dosages of primary care patients with uncontrolled ambulatory blood pressure and high medication adherence.
TLDR
Patients on at least three antihypertensives of different classes who had uncontrolled blood pressure on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and high medication adherence measured by electronic monitoring studied for optimal treatment of resistant hypertension.
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