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Articulatory Phonology: An Overview
It is suggested that the gestural approach clarifies the understanding of phonological development, by positing that prelinguistic units of action are harnessed into (gestural) phonological structures through differentiation and coordination.
Towards an articulatory phonology
An approach to phonological representation based on describing an utterance as an organised pattern of overlapping articulatory gestures is proposed, providing a principled link between phonological and physical description.
Articulatory gestures as phonological units
It is argued that dynamically defined articulatory gestures are the appropriate units to serve as the atoms of phonological representation, and the phonological notation developed for the gestural approach might usefully be incorporated, in whole or in part, into other phonologies.
Papers in Laboratory Phonology: Tiers in articulatory phonology, with some implications for casual speech
A fluid fitting for attaching fluid conduits to a housing which makes possible a simplified assembly procedure that requires only the insertion of a tube assembly into a preassembled nut located in a…
Some Notes on Syllable Structure in Articulatory Phonology
Abstract Two approaches to seeking stable patterns in the gestural organization of speech are examined: local organization (individual gestures coordinated with other individual gestures) and global…
Gestural specification using dynamically-defined articulatory structures
Competing constraints on intergestural coordination and self-organization of phonological structures
Within the Articulatory Phonology framework, the notion of gestural structure plays a central role. The nature of such structures has been the focus of two related lines of recent research that we…
Factor analysis of tongue shapes.
- R. Harshman, P. Ladefoged, L. Goldstein
- Physics, MedicineJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
- 1 July 1971
Tracings from x rays were made of the shape of the tongue in nine vowels as spoken by five speakers of General American. The midline of the tongue on each tracing was specified in terms of twelve…
Dynamic action units slip in speech production errors