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Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe
TLDR
A Brooks parsimony analysis produced an unrooted area phylogram, showing that: (i) the northern regions were colonized generally from the Iberic and Balkanic refugia; and (ii) the Italian lineages were often isolated due to the presence of the Alpine barrier.
Molecular phylogeny and evolution of Sorex shrews (Soricidae: insectivora) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
TLDR
The molecular data suggest that Sorex comprises two major monophyletic lineages, one restricted mostly to the New World and one with a primarily Palearctic distribution, and estimates from the fossil record greatly underestimate divergence dates among SoreX taxa.
Long‐distance wolf recolonization of France and Switzerland inferred from non‐invasive genetic sampling over a period of 10 years
TLDR
This first long-term report using non-invasive sampling demonstrates that long-distance dispersers are common, supporting the hypothesis that individuals may often attempt to colonize far from their native pack, even in the absence of suitable corridors across habitats characterized by intense human activities.
Origin and evolution of homologous repeated sequences in the mitochondrial DNA control region of shrews.
TLDR
The pattern of sequence and length variation within and between species, together with the capability of the arrays to form stable secondary structures, suggests that the dominant mechanism involved in the evolution of these arrays in unidirectional replication slippage is related to asymmetry in the replication of each strand of the mtDNA molecule.
High genetic variability and low local diversity in a population of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
TLDR
Genetic variation exceeded variation in quantitative genetic traits, indicating that selection acted on the population to retain similar traits, which might be because of the multigenomic nature of AMF, where considerable genetic redundancy could buffer the effects of changes in the genetic content of phenotypic traits.
LOCAL ADAPTATION MAINTAINS CLINAL VARIATION IN MELANIN‐BASED COLORATION OF EUROPEAN BARN OWLS (TYTO ALBA)
TLDR
This work investigated whether selection accounts for the strong clinal variation observed in a highly heritable pheomelanin‐based color trait in the European barn owl by comparing spatial differentiation of color and of neutral genes among populations, which suggests that substantial gene flow occurs among populations.
Phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia of the adder (Vipera berus) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data
TLDR
The phylogeographical structure revealed in this study suggests complex recolonization dynamics of the European continent by V. berus, characterized by latitudinal as well as altitudinal range shifts, driven by both climatic changes and competition with related species.
From the Apennines to the Alps: colonization genetics of the naturally expanding Italian wolf (Canis lupus) population
TLDR
The Alps were colonized by a few long‐range migrating wolves originating in the north Apennine subpopulation, and during the colonization process there has been a moderate bottleneck, and gene flow between sources and colonies was moderate, despite high potential for dispersal.
CHROMOSOMAL VERSUS MITOCHONDRIAL DNA EVOLUTION: TRACKING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE SOUTHWESTERN EUROPEAN POPULATIONS OF THE SOREX ARANEUS GROUP (MAMMALIA, INSECTIVORA)
TLDR
The shrews of the Sorex araneus group have undergone a spectacular chromosome evolution, and available data suggest that the impressive chromosome polymorphism of this group is quite a recent phenomenon.
High Prevalence and Lineage Diversity of Avian Malaria in Wild Populations of Great Tits (Parus major) and Mosquitoes (Culex pipiens)
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the first time that C. pipiens can act as a natural vector of avian malaria in Europe and yield baseline data for future research on the epidemiology of avan malaria in European countries.
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