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Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition)
In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered theExpand
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Cell death by cornification.
Epidermal keratinocytes undergo a unique form of terminal differentiation and programmed cell death known as cornification. Cornification leads to the formation of the outermost skin barrier, i.e.Expand
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Melanin binds reversibly to thermostable DNA polymerase and inhibits its activity.
We found that both RNA and cDNA preparations derived from melanocytes contain a RT-PCR inhibitor that copurified with nucleic acids. Investigation of the candidate inhibitor melanin revealed that itExpand
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Human caspase 12 has acquired deleterious mutations.
Caspase 12 has been cloned from rodent cells, in which it mediated apoptosis in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress. Based on experiments with murine cells it was suggested that this caspaseExpand
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Knockdown of filaggrin impairs diffusion barrier function and increases UV sensitivity in a human skin model.
Loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene are associated with ichthyosis vulgaris and atopic dermatitis. To investigate the impact of filaggrin deficiency on the skin barrier, filaggrinExpand
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Autophagy is induced by UVA and promotes removal of oxidized phospholipids and protein aggregates in epidermal keratinocytes.
The skin is exposed to environmental insults such as UV light that cause oxidative damage to macromolecules. A centerpiece in the defense against oxidative stress is the Nrf2 (nuclear factorExpand
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miR-17, miR-19b, miR-20a, and miR-106a are down-regulated in human aging
Aging is a multifactorial process where deterioration of body functions is driven by stochastic damage while counteracted by distinct genetically encoded repair systems. To better understand theExpand
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Evolutionary Origin and Diversification of Epidermal Barrier Proteins in Amniotes
The evolution of amniotes has involved major molecular innovations in the epidermis. In particular, distinct structural proteins that undergo covalent cross-linking during cornification ofExpand
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Degradation by stratum corneum proteases prevents endogenous RNase inhibitor from blocking antimicrobial activities of RNase 5 and RNase 7.
The antimicrobial defense of the skin is partially mediated by RNase 7, an abundant ribonuclease of the stratum corneum (SC). Here, we investigated the expression and regulation of members of theExpand
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Histamine suppresses epidermal keratinocyte differentiation and impairs skin barrier function in a human skin model
Defects in keratinocyte differentiation and skin barrier are important features of inflammatory skin diseases like atopic dermatitis. Mast cells and their main mediator histamine are abundant inExpand
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