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Intravenous tramadol: effects, nociceptive properties, and pharmacokinetics in horses.
OBJECTIVE To determine the optimal dose, serum concentrations and analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) tramadol in the horse. STUDY DESIGN Two-phase blinded, randomized, prospective crossoverExpand
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Lidocaine in the horse: its pharmacological effects and their relationship to analytical findings.
Lidocaine is a local anaesthetic agent that is widely used in equine medicine. It is also an Association of Racing Commissioners International (ARCI) Class 2 foreign substance that may causeExpand
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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and musculoskeletal injuries in Thoroughbred racehorses in Kentucky.
Injuries sustained by horses during racing have been considered as an unavoidable part of horse racing. Many factors may be associated with the musculoskeletal injuries of Thoroughbred race horses.Expand
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Detection and confirmation of ractopamine and its metabolites in horse urine after Paylean administration.
We have investigated the detection, confirmation, and metabolism of the beta-adrenergic agonist ractopamine administered as Paylean to the horse. A Testing Components Corporation enzyme-linkedExpand
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A Simple and Highly Sensitive Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Cyanide in Equine Blood
An epidemiological association among black cherry trees (Prunus serotina), eastern tent caterpillars (Malacosoma americana), and the spring 2001 episode of mare reproductive loss syndrome in centralExpand
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Diclazuril in the horse: its identification and detection and preliminary pharmacokinetics.
Diclazuril (4-chlorophenyl [2,6-dichloro-4-(4,5-dihydro-3H-3,5-dioxo-1,2,4-triazin-2-yl)pheny l] acetonitrile), is a benzeneacetonitrile antiprotozoal agent (Janssen Research Compound R 64433)Expand
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New therapeutic approaches for equine protozoal myeloencephalitis: pharmacokinetics of diclazuril sodium salts in horses.
Diclazuril is a triazine-based antiprotozoal agent which may have clinical application in the treatment of equine protozoal myeloencephalomyelitis (EPM). In this study, the use of the sodium saltExpand
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Remifentanil in the horse: identification and detection of its major urinary metabolite.
Remifentanil (4-methoxycarbonyl-4-[(1-oxopropyl)phenylamino]-1-piperidinepropionic acid methyl ester) is a mu-opioid receptor agonist with considerable abuse potential in racing horses. TheExpand
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Pharmacokinetics of gabapentin in horses.
*Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Illinois, College of Veterinary Medicine, Urbana, IL; Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nursing and AlliedExpand
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Clenbuterol in the horse: confirmation and quantitation of serum clenbuterol by LC-MS-MS after oral and intratracheal administration.
Clenbuterol is a beta2 agonist/antagonist bronchodilator, and its identification in post-race samples may lead to sanctions. The objective of this study was to develop a specific and highly sensitiveExpand
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