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Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus
Predation has long been implicated as a major selective force in the evolution of several morphological and behavioral characteristics of animals. The importance of predation during evolutionary ti...
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Synthesis Human-caused Disturbance Stimuli as a Form of Predation Risk
A growing number of studies quantify the impact of nonlethal human disturbance on the behavior and reproductive success of animals. Athough many are well designed and analytically sophisticated, mostExpand
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The Economics of Fleeing from Predators
Publisher Summary The chapter describes a simple economic model that predicts in a qualitative way on how costs (lost feeding opportunity and risk) interact to produce an optimal flight distance fromExpand
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The scent of death: Chemosensory assessment of predation risk by prey animals
AbstractIt is well documented that animals take risk of predation into account when making decisions about how to behave in particular situations, often trading-off risk against opportunities forExpand
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Position Choice by Drift-Feeding Salmonids: Model and Test for Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in Subarctic Mountain Streams, Interior Alaska
We develop a model to predict position choice of drift-feeding stream salmonids, assuming a fish chooses the position that maximizes its net energy intake rate. The fish's habitat is represented as aExpand
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Although both food availability and predation risk have been hypothesized to affect dolphin habitat use and group size, no study has measured both factors concurrently to determine their relativeExpand
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The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio) I. The stimulus for escape
The hypothesis was tested that zebra danios (Brachydanio rerio) react to an approaching predator when the rate of change of the angle subtended by the predator at the prey's eye (dα/dt) exceeds someExpand
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Ecological and social determinants of group size in transient killer whales
Most analyses of the relationship between group size and food intake of social carnivores have shown a discrepancy between the group size that maximizes energy intake and that which is mostExpand
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Adaptive Flexibility in the Foraging Behavior of Fishes
Flexibility is an important adaptive feature of the foraging behavior of fishes, because most natural environments vary both spatially and temporally. Fish should respond to low levels of foodExpand
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Habitat use and foraging behavior of tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) in a seagrass ecosystem
Abstract. Understanding the foraging behavior and spatial distribution of top predators is crucial to gaining a complete understanding of communities. However, studies of top predators are oftenExpand
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