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Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus
This work has shown that predation is a major selective force in the evolution of several morphological and behavioral characteristics of animals and the importance of predation during evolutionary time has been underestimated.
Synthesis Human-caused Disturbance Stimuli as a Form of Predation Risk
This work discusses why, from an evolutionary perspective, disturbance stimuli should be analogous to predation risk, and considers disturbance effects on the behavior of individuals—vigilance, fleeing, habitat selection, mating displays, and parental investment—as well as indirect effects on populations and communities.
The scent of death: Chemosensory assessment of predation risk by prey animals
This paper provides an exhaustive review of the literature on the responses of prey to predator chemosensory cues, primarily in tabular form, and highlights the most important studies on predator activity level and diet.
Position Choice by Drift-Feeding Salmonids: Model and Test for Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in Subarctic Mountain Streams, Interior Alaska
We develop a model to predict position choice of drift-feeding stream salmonids, assuming a fish chooses the position that maximizes its net energy intake rate. The fish's habitat is represented as a…
FOOD AVAILABILITY AND TIGER SHARK PREDATION RISK INFLUENCE BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN HABITAT USE
The results suggest that foraging dolphin distributions reflect a trade-off between predation risk and food availability, and that it is important to consider the community context in studies of habitat use.
The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio) I. The stimulus for escape
- L. Dill
- Environmental Science
- 1 August 1974
Ecological and social determinants of group size in transient killer whales
The typical size of groups consisting only of adult and subadult whales that were engaged primarily in foraging activities confirms that these individuals are found in groups that are consistent with the maximization of energy intake hypothesis.
Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions.
It is argued that both consumption and intimidation contribute to the total effects of keystone predators, and that characteristics ofKeystone consumers may differ from those of predators having predominantly NCE, defined as changes in prey traits measured on an ecological time scale.
State-dependent risk-taking by green sea turtles mediates top-down effects of tiger shark intimidation in a marine ecosystem.
This study suggests that declines in large-bodied sharks may affect ecosystems more substantially than assumed when non-lethal effects of these top predators on mesoconsumers are not considered explicitly.