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Global epidemiology of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in people who inject drugs: results of systematic reviews
TLDR
More IDUs have anti-HCV than HIV infection, and viral hepatitis poses a key challenge to public health, which will inform efforts to prevent and treat HCV and HBV in IDUs. Expand
Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: a systematic review
TLDR
The high prevalence of HIV among many populations of injecting drug users represents a substantial global health challenge and existing data are far from adequate, in both quality and quantity. Expand
Toward a Global View of Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, and Cocaine Use: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Background Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use cause considerable morbidity and mortality, but good cross-national epidemiological data are limited. This paper describes such data from the firstExpand
Trauma and PTSD in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
TLDR
Although a substantial minority of PTSD cases remits within months after onset, mean symptom duration is considerably longer than previously recognized and differential across trauma types with respect to PTSD risk. Expand
HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for people who inject drugs: a systematic review of global, regional, and national coverage
TLDR
Worldwide coverage of HIV prevention, treatment, and care services in IDU populations is very low, and there is an urgent need to improve coverage of these services in this at-risk population. Expand
Posttraumatic stress disorder in the World Mental Health Surveys
TLDR
PTSD is prevalent cross-nationally, with half of all global cases being persistent and only half of those with severe PTSD report receiving any treatment and only a minority receive specialty mental health care. Expand
A descriptive epidemiology of substance use and substance use disorders in Nigeria during the early 21st century.
TLDR
Alcohol is the most commonly used psychoactive drug in Nigeria and features associated with drug dependence and abuse are less prevalent but may require attention by public health authorities. Expand
Mortality among clients of a state-wide opioid pharmacotherapy program over 20 years: risk factors and lives saved.
TLDR
Mortality among treatment-seeking opioid-dependent persons is dynamic across time, patient and treatment variables, and despite periods of elevated risk, this large-scale provision of pharmacotherapy is estimated to have resulted in significant reductions in mortality. Expand
Prevention of HIV infection for people who inject drugs: why individual, structural, and combination approaches are needed
TLDR
Evidence on the effectiveness of individual-level approaches to prevention of HIV infection is summarized, global and regional coverage of opioid substitution treatment, needle and syringe programmes, and antiretroviral treatment is reviewed, and the effect of increased coverage and a combination of these three approaches on HIV transmission and prevalence in injecting drug users is modeled. Expand
Mortality among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
Any comprehensive approach to improving health outcomes in this group must include efforts to reduce HIV infection as well as other causes of death, particularly drug overdose, according to the authors. Expand
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