Share This Author
A Randomized Trial of E‐Cigarettes versus Nicotine‐Replacement Therapy
- P. Hajek, Anna Phillips-Waller, H. McRobbie
- Medicine, PsychologyThe New England journal of medicine
- 30 January 2019
E‐cigarettes were more effective for smoking cessation than nicotine‐replacement therapy, when both products were accompanied by behavioral support.
'Vaping' profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users.
E-cigarettes are used primarily for smoking cessation, but for a longer duration than nicotine replacement therapy, and users believe them to be safer than smoking.
Smoking, reward responsiveness, and response inhibition: tests of an incentive motivational model
Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users
These findings demonstrate reliable blood nicotine delivery after the acute use of this brand/model of e-cigarette in a sample of regular users, and Tobacco-related withdrawal symptoms and urge to smoke were significantly reduced.
Relapse to smoking during unaided cessation: clinical, cognitive and motivational predictors
- J. Powell, L. Dawkins, R. West, J. Powell, A. Pickering
- Psychology, BiologyPsychopharmacology
- 12 August 2010
These data provide some support for the involvement of abnormal cognitive and motivational processes in sustaining smoking dependence and suggest that they might be a focus of interventions, especially in the early stages of cessation.
The electronic-cigarette: effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognition.
Self-titration by experienced e-cigarette users: blood nicotine delivery and subjective effects
Vapers engaged in compensatory puffing with lower nicotine strength liquid, doubling their consumption and self-titration was incomplete with significantly higher plasma nicotine levels in the high condition.
A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: I—effects on incentive motivation
It is suggested that short-term smoking abstinence is associated with impaired reward motivation which can be reversed with nicotine, and these results are generally consistent with contemporary neurobiological theories of addiction.
Expectation of having consumed caffeine can improve performance and mood
Patterns of change in withdrawal symptoms, desire to smoke, reward motivation and response inhibition across 3 months of smoking abstinence.
Appetitive processes and related affective states appear to improve in smokers who remain nicotine-free for 3 months, whereas response inhibition does not and it is suggested tentatively that poor inhibitory control may constitute a long-term risk factor for relapse and could be a target for intervention.