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New Caledonia: a very old Darwinian island?
TLDR
New Caledonia must be considered as a very old Darwinian island, a concept that offers many more fascinating opportunities of study, as it is contradicted by geological evidence indicating long Palaeocene and Eocene submersions and by recent biogeographic and phylogenetic studies.
300 million years of diversification: elucidating the patterns of orthopteran evolution based on comprehensive taxon and gene sampling
TLDR
A robust phylogeny of Orthoptera is established including 36 of 40 families representing all 15 currently recognized superfamilies and based on complete mitochondrial genomes and four nuclear loci, in order to test previous phylogenetic hypotheses and to provide a framework for a natural classification and a reference for studying the pattern of divergence and diversification.
Phylogeny and the evolution of acoustic communication in extant Ensifera (Insecta, Orthoptera)
TLDR
The phylogeny is established on the basis of morpho‐anatomical characters and used to analyse the evolution of acoustic communication in this clade by mapping the characters related to auditory and stridulatory structures onto the resultant trees.
The earliest known holometabolous insects
TLDR
Although these discoveries reveal unexpected Pennsylvanian eumetabolan diversity, the lineage radiated more successfully only after the mass extinctions at the end of the Permian period, giving rise to the familiar crown groups of their respective clades.
The cricket fauna of Chiapanecan caves (Mexico): systematics, phylogeny and the evolution of troglobitic life (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Phalangopsidae, Luzarinae)
TLDR
Amphiacust adaptation to caves could be the result of a tentative to exploit karstic resources in Central America and the West Indies and that their ancestral habitat could be characterized by cavicolous habits and leaf litter foraging.
Laying the foundations of evolutionary and systematic studies in crickets (Insecta, Orthoptera): a multilocus phylogenetic analysis
TLDR
The first phylogenetic hypothesis for the evolution of crickets sensu lato is proposed, based on analysis of 205 species, representing 88% of the subfamilies and 71% tribes currently listed in the database Orthoptera Species File (OSF).
Nomenclatural and taxonomic problems related to the electronic publication of new nomina and nomenclatural acts in zoology, with brief comments on optical discs and on the situation in botany.
TLDR
The publication of this amendment provides an opportunity to discuss several of the long-discussed problems concerning the electronic publication of new nomina and nomenclatural acts, and offers recommendations to authors, referees, editors, publishers, libraries and the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature in the hope that such problems can be limited along with the potential chaos in zoological nomenClature.
Older than New Caledonia emergence? A molecular phylogenetic study of the eneopterine crickets (Orthoptera: Grylloidea)
TLDR
The phylogenetic studies invalidate a simple scenario of local persistence of this group in New Caledonia since 80 Ma, or, if one accepts the submergence of NewCaledonia, by local island-hopping among other subaerial islands, now drowned, in the region during periods of New Calingonian submergence.
Phylogeny and the evolution of calling songs in Gryllus (Insecta, Orthoptera, Gryllidae)
TLDR
This paper discusses, in relation to the evolution of the North American species of Gryllus, the reliability of these criteria and describes songs using two complementary sets of characters: general structure (carrier frequencies and main temporal features) and ‘special quality’.
Phylogenetics and Ecology: As Many Characters as Possible Should Be Included in the Cladistic Analysis 1
TLDR
It is argued that phylogenetic analyses should not be constrained by testing strategies that are downstream of the logical principles of phylogenetics, and should better care for the precise definition and properties of characters of interest than decide a priori to include them in any case in the analysis.
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