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A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity
TLDR
A meta-analysis of microbial community samples collected by hundreds of researchers for the Earth Microbiome Project is presented, creating both a reference database giving global context to DNA sequence data and a framework for incorporating data from future studies, fostering increasingly complete characterization of Earth’s microbial diversity.
Geographical sampling bias and its implications for conservation priorities in Africa
Aim To design and apply statistical tests for measuring sampling bias in the raw data used to the determine priority areas for conservation, and to discuss their impact on conservation analyses for
Bats (Chiroptera: Noctilionoidea) Challenge a Recent Origin of Extant Neotropical Diversity.
TLDR
Biogeographic analyses revealed the importance of the Neotropics in noctilionoid diversification, and the critical role of dispersal, and simulations modeling constant speciation and extinction rates for the phylogeny systematically showed more speciation events in the Quaternary.
Phylogeny and biogeography of Caribbean mammals
TLDR
A review of the taxonomy, distribution and phylogeny of all Cenozoic Caribbean non-volant mammals and four bat lineages and present reconciled trees for available phylogenies finds patterns of divergence from the mainland that are inconsistent with the Gaarlandia hypothesis and seem to require taxon-specific biogeographical explanations.
The geography of diversification in the mormoopids (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae)
The traditional explanation of the distribution of the Mormoopidae is that this family originated in southern Central America or northern South America, later expanding its range north to Mexico and
Morphological innovation, diversification and invasion of a new adaptive zone
TLDR
Results show that a novel stenodermatine skull phenotype played a central role in the evolution of frugivory and increasing speciation within phyllostomids, with a significant increase in diversification rate driven by increased speciation at the most recent common ancestor.
The Nature and Dynamics of Bacterial Genomes
TLDR
This work estimates that this genome harbors hundreds of inactivated and otherwise functionless genes that will never yield a detectable phenotype, but are vital to efforts to elucidate the biological role of all the proteins within the cell.
Saturation and base composition bias explain phylogenomic conflict in Plasmodium.
TLDR
A set of N100 putative orthologous genes derived from genome comparisons is developed and analyzed to minimize systematic errors that arise when reconstructing the Plasmodium phylogeny with a genome-scale data set.
The San Lucas mountain range in Colombia: how much conservation is owed to the violence?
The imminence of forest conversion in the northern Andean region requires a careful evaluation of the social, political and economic context in which environmental efforts take place in order to
Exploring population genetic structure in three species of Lesser Antillean bats
TLDR
A conservative interpretation of the molecular data is that island populations of Artibeus jamaicensis, although isolated geographically, are not isolated genetically, and simulations of gene trees within a population tree suggest that lineage sorting is an unlikely explanation for the observed pattern of nonmonophyly.
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