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The logic of social exchange: Has natural selection shaped how humans reason? Studies with the Wason selection task
- L. Cosmides
- Medicine, EconomicsCognition
- 1 April 1989
The hypothesis that the human mind includes cognitive processes specialized for reasoning about social exchange predicts the content effects found in these experiments, and parsimoniously explains those that have already been reported in the literature.
The Adapted mind : evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture
Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances…
The psychological foundations of culture.
One of the strengths of scientific inquiry is that it can progress with any mixture of empiricism, intuition, and formal theory that suits the convenience of the investigator. Many sciences develop…
Cognitive adaptations for social exchange.
The human mind is the most complex natural phenomenon humans have yet encountered, and Darwin's gift to those who wish to understand it is a knowledge of the process that created it and gave it its…
Are humans good intuitive statisticians after all? Rethinking some conclusions from the literature on judgment under uncertainty
Abstract Professional probabilists have long argued over what probability means, with, for example, Bayesians arguing that probabilities refer to subjective degrees of confidence and frequentists…
The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments
Abstract Present conditions and selection pressures are irrelevant to the present design of organisms and do not explain how or why organisms behave adaptively, when they do. To whatever non-chance…
On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: the role of genetics and adaptation.
An evolutionary approach to psychological variation reconceptualizes traits as either the output of species-typical, adaptively designed development and psychological mechanisms, or as the result of genetic noise creating perturbations in these mechanisms.
Human adaptations for the visual assessment of strength and fighting ability from the body and face
- Aaron Sell, L. Cosmides, J. Tooby, Daniel Sznycer, C. V. von Rueden, M. Gurven
- Psychology, MedicineProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 February 2009
Tests support the hypothesis that the human cognitive architecture includes mechanisms that assess fighting ability—mechanisms that focus on correlates of upper-body strength, and are the first empirical demonstration that, for humans, judgements of strength and judgement of fighting ability not only track each other, but accurately track actual upper- body strength.
Evolutionary psychology and the emotions
Evolutionary psychology is an approach to the psychological sciences in which principles and results drawn from evolutionary biology, cognitive science, anthropology, and neuroscience are integrated…
Formidability and the logic of human anger
- Aaron Sell, J. Tooby, L. Cosmides
- Psychology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 1 September 2009
The fact that stronger men favored greater use of military force in international conflicts provides evidence that the internal logic of the anger program reflects the ancestral payoffs characteristic of a small-scale social world rather than rational assessments of modern payoffs in large populations.