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THREE PARIETAL CIRCUITS FOR NUMBER PROCESSING
The horizontal segment of the intraparietal sulcus appears as a plausible candidate for domain specificity: It is systematically activated whenever numbers are manipulated, independently of number notation, and with increasing activation as the task puts greater emphasis on quantity processing.
The visual word form area: spatial and temporal characterization of an initial stage of reading in normal subjects and posterior split-brain patients.
The findings provide direct support for the main components of the classical model of reading and help specify their timing and cerebral substrates.
Language-specific tuning of visual cortex? Functional properties of the Visual Word Form Area.
- L. Cohen, S. Lehéricy, F. Chochon, C. Lemer, S. Rivaud, S. Dehaene
- PsychologyBrain : a journal of neurology
- 1 May 2002
This result demonstrates that the VWFA is initially plastic and becomes attuned to the orthographic regularities that constrain letter combination during the acquisition of literacy.
The visual word form area: expertise for reading in the fusiform gyrus
Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming
Within the areas associated with conscious reading, masked words activated left extrastriate, fusiform and precentral areas and reduced the amount of activation evoked by a subsequent conscious presentation of the same word.
The neural code for written words: a proposal
Cerebral Pathways for Calculation: Double Dissociation between Rote Verbal and Quantitative Knowledge of Arithmetic
Hierarchical Coding of Letter Strings in the Ventral Stream: Dissecting the Inner Organization of the Visual Word-Form System
The unique role of the visual word form area in reading
How Learning to Read Changes the Cortical Networks for Vision and Language
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, brain responses to spoken and written language, visual faces, houses, tools, and checkers in adults of variable literacy were measured, emphasizing that both childhood and adult education can profoundly refine cortical organization.