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PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS: MODELS AND ESTIMATION PROCEDURES
TLDR
This paper shows how suitable evolutionary models can be constructed and applied objectively and how the type of data will affect both the method of treatment and the validity of the results.
Cultural transmission and evolution: a quantitative approach.
TLDR
A mathematical theory of the non-genetic transmission of cultural traits is developed that provides a framework for future investigations in quantitative social and anthropological science and concludes that cultural transmission is an essential factor in the study of cultural change.
An evaluation of genetic distances for use with microsatellite loci.
TLDR
A genetic distance based on the stepwise mutation model that includes allelic repeat score is developed and found that for phylogenetic reconstruction of taxa that are sufficiently diverged, this new distance is preferable.
Genetic absolute dating based on microsatellites and the origin of modern humans.
TLDR
It is estimated that the deepest split in the human phylogeny occurred about 156,000 years ago, and the new distance is independent of population size and therefore allows direct estimation of divergence times if the mutation rate is known.
The phylogeography of Y chromosome binary haplotypes and the origins of modern human populations
TLDR
A set of unique event polymorphisms associated with the non‐recombining portion of the Y‐chromosome (NRY) addresses this issue by providing evidence concerning successful migrations originating from Africa, which can be interpreted as subsequent colonizations, differentiations and migrations overlaid upon previous population ranges.
Y chromosome sequence variation and the history of human populations
Binary polymorphisms associated with the non-recombining region of the human Y chromosome (NRY) preserve the paternal genetic legacy of our species that has persisted to the present, permitting
Genetic evidence for a higher female migration rate in humans
TLDR
It is found that Y chromosome variants tend to be more localized geographically than those of mtDNA and the autosomes, and the reduction of variation within populations for Y chromosome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is of such magnitude that differences in the effective population sizes of the sexes alone are insufficient to produce the observation.
Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia
TLDR
This comprehensive characterization of Y-chromosome heritage addresses many multifaceted aspects of Anatolian prehistory, including: the most frequent haplogroup, J, splits into two sub-clades, one of which (J2) shows decreasing variances with increasing latitude, compatible with a northward expansion.
Synthetic maps of human gene frequencies in Europeans.
TLDR
Synthetic maps constructed for Europe and the Near East show clines in remarkable agreement with those expected on the basis of the spread of early farming in Europe, supporting the hypothesis that this spread was a demic spread rather than a cultural diffusion of farming technology.
The genetic heritage of the earliest settlers persists both in Indian tribal and caste populations.
TLDR
Results show that Indian tribal and caste populations derive largely from the same genetic heritage of Pleistocene southern and western Asians and have received limited gene flow from external regions since the Holocene.
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