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The European Water Framework Directive at the age of 10: a critical review of the achievements with recommendations for the future.
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD), which was adopted in 2000, changed water management in all member states of the European Union fundamentally, putting aquatic ecology at the base ofExpand
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Lake responses to reduced nutrient loading - an analysis of contemporary long-term data from 35 case studies
SUMMARY 1. This synthesis examines 35 long-term (5–35 years, mean: 16 years) lake re-oligotrophication studies. It covers lakes ranging from shallow (mean depth <5 m and/or polymictic) to deep (meanExpand
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  • Open Access
Trophic level asynchrony in rates of phenological change for marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments
Recent changes in the seasonal timing (phenology) of familiar biological events have been one of the most conspicuous signs of climate change. However, the lack of a standardized approach toExpand
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Hyperspectral remote sensing of cyanobacterial pigments as indicators for cell populations and toxins in eutrophic lakes
Abstract The growth of mass populations of toxin-producing cyanobacteria is a serious concern for the ecological status of inland waterbodies and for human and animal health. In this study weExpand
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Chlorophyll–nutrient relationships of different lake types using a large European dataset
In Europe there is a renewed focus on relationships between chemical determinands and ecological impact as a result of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). In this paper we use regression analysis toExpand
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Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels
Differences in phenological responses to climate change among species can desynchronise ecological interactions and thereby threaten ecosystem function. To assess these threats, we must quantify theExpand
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Risk assessment for Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in urban soils: chemical availability as the central concept.
To assess the geochemical reactivity and oral bioaccessibility of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in urban soils from the Porto area, four extractions were performed including Aqua Regia (AR; pseudototal), 0.43 MExpand
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Chlorophyll reference conditions for European lake types used for intercalibration of ecological status
The Water Framework Directive (WFD), requires European Member States to assess the “ecological status” of surface waters. As part of this, many European countries have developed an ecological qualityExpand
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Effects of light on sediment nutrient flux and water column nutrient stoichiometry in a shallow lake.
The effects of light and temperature on nutrient cycling (silica (Si), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P)) between sediments and water in a shallow eutrophic lake (Loch Leven, Scotland), and consequentExpand
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Interaction of Climate Change and Eutrophication
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