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Mindfulness : A proposed operational definition
There has been substantial interest in mindfulness as an approach to reduce cognitive vulnerability to stress and emotional distress in recent years. However, thus far mindfulness has not beenExpand
Mechanisms of mindfulness.
A model of mindfulness is proposed, in an effort to elucidate potential mechanisms to explain how mindfulness affects positive change and potential implications and future directions for the empirical study of mechanisms involved in mindfulness are addressed. Expand
The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation.
A self-report mindfulness measure, the Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS), developed and validated is a promising measure of the mindfulness state with good psychometric properties and predictive of treatment outcome. Expand
A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Clinical Trial: The Effect of a Mindfulness Meditation-Based Stress Reduction Program on Mood and Symptoms of Stress in Cancer Outpatients
A mindfulness meditation–based stress reduction program was effective in decreasing mood disturbance and stress symptoms in both male and female patients with a wide variety of cancer diagnoses, stages of illness, and ages. Expand
High levels of untreated distress and fatigue in cancer patients
The purpose of the study was to assess a large representative sample of cancer patients on distress levels, common psychosocial problems, and awareness and use of psychosocial support services. AExpand
Mindfulness‐Based Stress Reduction in Relation to Quality of Life, Mood, Symptoms of Stress, and Immune Parameters in Breast and Prostate Cancer Outpatients
MBSR participation was associated with enhanced quality of life and decreased stress symptoms in breast and prostate cancer patients and changes in cancer‐related cytokine production associated with program participation are consistent with a shift in immune profile from one associated with depressive symptoms to a more normal profile. Expand
One year pre–post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients
MBSR program participation was associated with enhanced quality of life and decreased stress symptoms, altered cortisol and immune patterns consistent with less stress and mood disturbance, and decreased blood pressure. Expand
Validation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population.
The MAAS appears to have appropriate application in research examining the role of mindfulness in the psychological well-being of cancer patients, with or without comparisons to nonclinical controls. Expand
Screening for distress and unmet needs in patients with cancer: review and recommendations.
Involving all stakeholders and frontline clinicians when planning screening for distress programs is recommended, and continuing to rigorously evaluate outcomes, including PROs, process of care, referrals, and economic costs and benefits is essential. Expand
Mindfulness-based stress reduction compared with cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of insomnia comorbid with cancer: a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial.
Although MBSR produced a clinically significant change in sleep and psychological outcomes, CBT-I was associated with rapid and durable improvement and remains the best choice for the nonpharmacologic treatment of insomnia. Expand