American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement.
- M. Sawka, L. Burke, E. Eichner, R. Maughan, S. Montain, N. Stachenfeld
- MedicineMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
This Position Stand provides guidance on fluid replacement to sustain appropriate hydration of individuals performing physical activity to prevent excessive (>2% body weight loss from water deficit) dehydration and excessive changes in electrolyte balance to avert compromised performance.
The IOC consensus statement: beyond the Female Athlete Triad—Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S)
- M. Mountjoy, J. Sundgot-Borgen, A. Ljungqvist
- Medicine, EducationBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
- 11 March 2014
The IOC expert working group introduces a broader, more comprehensive term for the condition previously known as ‘Female Athlete Triad’, ‘Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport’ (RED-S), and recommends practical clinical models for the management of affected athletes.
Carbohydrates for training and competition
Whether implementing additional “train-low” strategies to increase the training adaptation leads to enhanced performance in well-trained individuals is unclear.
Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance.
American College of Sports Medicine Joint Position Statement. Nutrition and Athletic Performance.
- D. Thomas, K. Erdman, L. Burke
- Education, MedicineMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
- 1 March 2016
This position paper outlines the Academy's, DC's and ACSM's stance on nutrition factors that have been determined to influence athletic performance and emerging trends in the field of sports nutrition.
Design and analysis of research on sport performance enhancement.
Assessment of research aimed at measuring performance enhancements that affect success of individual elite athletes in competitive events found that estimates of enhancement of performance in laboratory or field tests in most previous studies may not apply to elite athletesIn competitive events.
IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update
The IOC RED-S consensus authors have reconvened to provide an update summary of the interim scientific progress in the field of relative energy deficiency with the ultimate goal of stimulating advances inRED-S awareness, clinical application and scientific research to address current gaps in knowledge.
Carbohydrates and fat for training and recovery
Although there is new interest in the recovery of intramuscular triglyceride stores between training sessions, there is no evidence that diets which are high in fat and restricted in carbohydrate enhance training.
IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete
The appropriate use of some supplements can benefit the athlete, but others may harm the athlete’s health, performance, and/or livelihood and reputation and expert professional opinion and assistance is strongly advised before an athlete embarks on supplement use.
Effect of different protocols of caffeine intake on metabolism and endurance performance.
Overall, 6 mg/kg caffeine enhanced TT performance independent of timing of intake and replacing sports drink with Coca-Cola during the latter stages of exercise was equally effective in enhancing endurance performance.