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Europe's Tired, Poor, Huddled Masses: Self-Selection and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration
During the age of mass migration (1850-1913), one of the largest migration episodes in history, the United States maintained a nearly open border, allowing the study of migrant decisions unhindered
A Nation of Immigrants: Assimilation and Economic Outcomes in the Age of Mass Migration
It is shown that assimilation patterns vary substantially across sending countries and persist in the second generation, and cross-sectional patterns are driven by biases from declining arrival cohort skill level and departures of negatively selected return migrants.
Was Postwar Suburbanization "White Flight"? Evidence from the Black Migration
Residential segregation by jurisdiction generates disparities in public services and education. The distinctive American pattern - in which blacks live in cities and whites in suburbs - was enhanced
Immigration in American Economic History
The literatures on historical and contemporary migrant flows are reviewed, yielding new insights on migrant selection, assimilation of immigrants into US economy and society, and the effect of immigration on the labor market.
The Effect of Natural Disasters on Economic Activity in Us Counties: A Century of Data
More than 100 natural disasters strike the United States every year, causing extensive fatalities and damages. We construct the universe of US federally designated natural disasters from 1920 to
Exploiting States’ Mistakes to Identify the Causal Impact of Higher Education on Growth
Should countries or regions invest more in higher education in order to grow faster? Recent policy reports on growth and productivity in Europe versus the United States1 , for example argue that a
The Effect of Rising Income Inequality on Taxation and Public Expenditures: Evidence from U.S. Municipalities and School Districts, 1970–2000
Abstract The income distribution in many developed countries widened dramatically from 1970 to 2000. Some scholars argue that income inequality contributes to a host of social ills by undermining
Moving to Higher Ground: Migration Response to Natural Disasters in the Early Twentieth Century
Areas differ in their propensity to experience natural disasters. Exposure to disaster risks can be reduced either through migration (i.e., self-protection) or through public infrastructure
The Effect of Internal Migration on Local Labor Markets: American Cities during the Great Depression
The Great Depression offers a unique laboratory to investigate the causal impact of migration on local labor markets. We use variation in the generosity of New Deal programs and extreme weather