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The extratropical transition of tropical cyclones : forecast challenges, current understanding, and future directions
Abstract A significant number of tropical cyclones move into the midlatitudes and transform into extratropical cyclones. This process is generally referred to as extratropical transition (ET). DuringExpand
Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge
The state of knowledge regarding trends and an understanding of their causes is presented for a specific subset of extreme weather and climate types. For severe convective storms (tornadoes,Expand
Impacts of wind farms on land surface temperature
There is increasing interest in the possible impacts of wind farms on regional weather and climate. Focusing on three large wind farms located in Texas, USA, this study finds evidence for aExpand
Environmental Influences on the Rapid Intensification of Hurricane Opal (1995) over the Gulf of Mexico
Abstract Hurricane Opal intensified rapidly and unexpectedly over the Gulf of Mexico between 1800 UTC 3 October and 1000 UTC 4 October 1995. During this period the storm central pressure decreasedExpand
Precipitation Distribution Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones over the Eastern United States
Abstract Tropical cyclones (TCs) making landfall over the United States are examined by separating those associated with precipitation predominantly left of their tracks from those with the same toExpand
The Wintertime Southern Hemisphere Split Jet: Structure, Variability, and Evolution
A persistent feature of the Southern Hemisphere upper-level time-mean flow is the presence of a split jet across the South Pacific east of Australia during the austral winter. The split jet isExpand
Predecessor Rain Events ahead of Tropical Cyclones
Abstract Twenty-eight predecessor rain events (PREs) that occurred over the United States east of the Rockies during 1995–2008 are examined from a synoptic climatology and case study perspective.Expand
The Presidents' Day Snowstorm of 18–19 February 1979: A Subsynoptic-Scale Event
Abstract On 18–19 February 1979 a major east coast cyclone deposited a record-breaking snowfall on the Middle Atlantic States. The storm is noteworthy because of the failure of the operationalExpand
Postlandfall Tropical Cyclone Reintensification in a Weakly Baroclinic Environment: A Case Study of Hurricane David (September 1979)
Abstract An analysis is conducted from a potential vorticity (PV) perspective of the reintensification of Tropical Storm David over the northeastern United States in September 1979. David, a majorExpand
Planetary- and Synoptic-Scale Signatures Associated with Central American Cold Surges
Abstract Motivated by outstanding issues from a previous case study of a midlatitude cold surge that affected Mexico and Central America, the climatology of Central American cold surges is examinedExpand