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Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America.
TLDR
Experimental data support the conclusion that cutaneous chytridiomycosis is a fatal disease of anurans, and it is hypothesize that it is the proximate cause of these recent amphibian declines.
Diagnostic assays and sampling protocols for the detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
TLDR
It is suggested that compliance with the recommended protocols will avoid the generation of spurious results, thereby providing the international scientific and regulatory community with a set of validated procedures which will assist in the successful management of chytridiomycosis in the future.
Emerging Infectious Diseases and Amphibian Population Declines
TLDR
The role of these diseases in the global decline of amphibian populations is examined and hypotheses for the origins and impact of these panzootics are proposed.
Spread of Chytridiomycosis Has Caused the Rapid Global Decline and Extinction of Frogs
TLDR
It is important for the scientific community and conservation agencies to recognize and manage the threat of chytridiomycosis to remaining species of frogs, especially those that are naive to the pathogen.
Australopithecus sediba: A New Species of Homo-Like Australopith from South Africa
TLDR
Combined craniodental and postcranial evidence demonstrates that this new species of Australopithecus shares more derived features with early Homo than any other australopith species and thus might help reveal the ancestor of that genus.
Life cycle stages of the amphibian chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
TLDR
An overview of the morphology and life cycle of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, the cause of chytridiomycosis of amphibians, is presented and adaptations that suggest it has long been evolved to live within cells in the dynamic tissue of the stratified epidermis are suggested.
Pathogenesis of Chytridiomycosis, a Cause of Catastrophic Amphibian Declines
TLDR
It is shown that Bd infection is associated with pathophysiological changes that lead to mortality in green tree frogs (Litoria caerulea), and in diseased individuals, electrolyte transport across the epidermis was inhibited by >50, plasma sodium and potassium concentrations were respectively reduced by ~20% and ~50%, and asystolic cardiac arrest resulted in death.
Effect of season and temperature on mortality in amphibians due to chytridiomycosis.
TLDR
Chytridiomycosis is a major cause of mortality in free-living and captive amphibians in Australia and mortality rate increases at lower temperatures.
Fungicidal effects of chemical disinfectants, UV light, desiccation and heat on the amphibian chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
TLDR
The efficacy of a number of disinfection treatments was tested on in vitro cultures of the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, the causative agent of chytridiomycosis in amphibians, finding the most effective products for field use were Path-X and the quaternary ammonium compound 128.
Faunal assemblage seriation of southern African Pliocene and Pleistocene fossil deposits.
TLDR
Fossil assemblages from the Pliocene and Pleistocene of southern Africa were seriated to give a better idea of their relative chronology and calculation of the Faunal Resemblance Index.
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