• Publications
  • Influence
Perceptual symbol systems
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1 August 1999
TLDR
A perceptual theory of knowledge can implement a fully functional conceptual system while avoiding problems associated with amodal symbol systems and implications for cognition, neuroscience, evolution, development, and artificial intelligence are explored.
Grounded cognition.
TLDR
Grounded cognition proposes that modal simulations, bodily states, and situated action underlie cognition, and accumulating behavioral and neural evidence supporting this view is reviewed from research on perception, memory, knowledge, language, thought, social cognition and development.
Ad hoc categories
TLDR
Ad hoc categories possess graded structures as salient as those structuring common categories irrespective of type, the result of a similarity comparison process that imposes graded structure on any category regardless of type.
Ideals, central tendency, and frequency of instantiation as determinants of graded structure in categories.
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning…
  • 1 October 1985
TLDR
It is proposed that graded structures do not reflect invariant structures associated with categories but instead reflect people's dynamic ability to construct concepts.
Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts
TLDR
The existence of context-independent and context-dependent properties is demonstrated in two experimental settings and the relevance of these property types to cross-classification, problem solving, metaphor and sentence comprehension, and the semantic-episodic distinction is discussed.
Simulation, situated conceptualization, and prediction
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
  • 12 May 2009
TLDR
Empirical findings from perception, action, working memory, conceptual processing, language and social cognition illustrate how this framework produces the extensive prediction that characterizes natural intelligence.
Situated simulation in the human conceptual system
Four theories of the human conceptual system—semantic memory, exemplar models, feed‐forward connectionist nets, and situated simulation theory—are characterised and contrasted on five dimensions: (1)
Perceptions of perceptual symbols
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1 August 1999
Various defenses of amodal symbol systems are addressed, including amodal symbols in sensory-motor areas, the causal theory of concepts, supramodal concepts, latent semantic analysis, and abstracted
The instability of graded structure: implications for the nature of concepts
TLDR
This chapter reviews empirical findings showing that the graded structure of a category is unstable, varying widely across contexts, and it is concluded that graded structures do not represent invariant structural characteristics of Categories.
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