• Publications
  • Influence
Perceptual symbol systems.
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Behavioral and brain sciences
  • 1 August 1999
Prior to the twentieth century, theories of knowledge were inherently perceptual. Since then, developments in logic, statistics, and programming languages have inspired amodal theories that rest onExpand
  • 4,906
  • 659
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Grounded cognition.
Grounded cognition rejects traditional views that cognition is computation on amodal symbols in a modular system, independent of the brain's modal systems for perception, action, and introspection.Expand
  • 2,728
  • 304
  • PDF
Ad hoc categories
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Memory & cognition
  • 1 May 1983
People construct ad hoc categories to achieve goals. For example, constructing the category of “things to sell at a garage sale” can be instrumental to achieving the goal of selling unwantedExpand
  • 1,528
  • 101
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Ideals, central tendency, and frequency of instantiation as determinants of graded structure in categories.
  • L. Barsalou
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning…
  • 1 October 1985
Three possible determinants of graded structure (typicality) were observed in common taxonomic categories and goal-derived categories: (1) an exemplar's similarity to ideals associated with goals itsExpand
  • 1,050
  • 91
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Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts
It is proposed that concepts contain two types of properties. Context-independent properties are activated by the word for a concept on all occasions. The activation of these properties is unaffectedExpand
  • 617
  • 56
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Simulation, situated conceptualization, and prediction
  • L. Barsalou
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
  • 12 May 2009
TLDR
We propose a basic architecture for situated simulation in the brain that supports a broad spectrum of processes from perception to social cognition. Expand
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  • 50
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The instability of graded structure: implications for the nature of concepts
TLDR
This chapter reviews empirical findings showing that the graded structure of a category is unstable, varying widely across contexts. Expand
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Situated simulation in the human conceptual system
Four theories of the human conceptual system—semantic memory, exemplar models, feed‐forward connectionist nets, and situated simulation theory—are characterised and contrasted on five dimensions: (1)Expand
  • 669
  • 49
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Grounding conceptual knowledge in modality-specific systems
The human conceptual system contains knowledge that supports all cognitive activities, including perception, memory, language and thought. According to most current theories, states inExpand
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  • 44
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Perceptions of perceptual symbols
TLDR
Various defenses of amodal symbol systems are addressed, including amodAL symbols in sensory-motor areas, the causal theory of concepts, supramodal concepts, latent semantic analysis, and abstracted symbols. Expand
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  • 44
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