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Archaeological Evidence for the Emergence of Language, Symbolism, and Music–An Alternative Multidisciplinary Perspective
In recent years, there has been a tendency to correlate the origin of modern culture and language with that of anatomically modern humans. Here we discuss this correlation in the light of resultsExpand
Early evidence of San material culture represented by organic artifacts from Border Cave, South Africa
Reappraisal of radiocarbon age estimates through Bayesian modeling, and the identification of key elements of San material culture at Border Cave, places the emergence of modern hunter–gatherer adaptation, as the authors know it, to ∼44,000 y ago. Expand
Middle Stone Age bone tools from the Howiesons Poort layers, Sibudu Cave, South Africa
Abstract Recently discovered bone implements from Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits at Sibudu Cave, South Africa, confirm the existence of a bone tool industry for the Howiesons Poort (HP)Expand
New Australopithecus robustus fossils and associated U-Pb dates from Cooper's Cave (Gauteng, South Africa).
A detailed geological background to a series of hominin fossils retrieved from the newly investigated deposit of Cooper's D is provided, including uranium-lead ages for speleothem material associated with A. robustus and the paleoenvironment is reconstructed as predominantly grassland, with nearby woodlands and a permanent water source. Expand
Border Cave and the beginning of the Later Stone Age in South Africa
This analysis shows that at Border Cave two assemblages, dated to 45–49 and >49 ka, show a gradual abandonment of the technology and tool types of the post-Howiesons Poort period and can be considered transitional industries. Expand
Identifying regional variability in Middle Stone Age bone technology: The case of Sibudu Cave
A few pieces of worked bone were previously reported from Sibudu, a site from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa featuring a stratigraphic sequence with pre-Still Bay, Still Bay, Howiesons Poort,Expand
Evidence of termite foraging by Swartkrans early hominids.
This analysis suggests that modified bones from the Lower Paleolithic sites of Swartkrans and Sterkfontein in South Africa were used to dig into termite mounds, rather than to dig for tubers, which indicates that early hominids from southern Africa maintained a behavioral pattern involving a bone tool material culture that may have persisted for a long period and strongly supports the role of insectivory in theEarly hominid diet. Expand
Geological and taphonomic context for the new hominin species Homo naledi from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa
Bone taphonomy indicates that hominin individuals reached the chamber complete, with disarticulation occurring during/after deposition, and preliminary evidence is consistent with deliberate body disposal in a single location, by ahominin species other than Homo sapiens, at an as-yet unknown date. Expand
Multiproxy record of late Quaternary climate change and Middle Stone Age human occupation at Wonderkrater, South Africa
Here we provide a multiproxy record of climate change and human occupation at Wonderkrater, a spring and peat mound site situated in the interior of southern Africa. Recently extracted sediment coresExpand
Criteria for identifying bone modification by termites in the fossil record
Three geographically dispersed Middle and Later Stone Age cave sites in South Africa, and a Middle Stone Age cave site in Ethiopia, share a similar taphonomic signature that includes destruction ofExpand