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A stitch in time: self-regulation and proactive coping.
TLDR
The authors highlight the unique predictions afforded by a focus on proactive coping and the importance of understanding how people avoid and offset potential stressors.
Modeling cognitive adaptation: a longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance.
TLDR
Drawing on cognitive adaptation theory, optimism, psychological control, and self-esteem were explored as longitudinal predictors of adjustment to college in a sample of 672 freshmen and indicated that self- esteem and control predicted greater motivation and higher grades, controlling for college entrance exam scores.
Rethinking the Role of Positive Affect in Self-Regulation
This introduction to the two-part special issue reviews recent evidence that suggests that positive mood may play a beneficial, multifaceted, and flexible role in self-regulatory processes that
Self-Affirmation Reduces Biased Processing of Health-Risk Information
An experiment tested whether a positive experience (the endorsement and recall of one's past acts of kindness) would reduce biased processing of self-relevant health-risk information. Women college
Optimism, coping, psychological distress, and high-risk sexual behavior among men at risk for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
TLDR
It is concluded that optimism is psychologically adaptive without necessarily compromising health behavior and that it is useful to distinguish between event-based optimistic expectations and dispositional optimism.
The Psychology of Future-Oriented Thinking: From Achievement to Proactive Coping, Adaptation, and Aging
Contributions to this special issue examine multiple aspects of how people think about and prepare for desired and undesired future outcomes, including the processes that link thoughts about one's
Emotion Regulation Across the Life Span: An Integrative Perspective Emphasizing Self-Regulation, Positive Affect, and Dyadic Processes
In this commentary, we build upon the papers featured in this 2-part special issue to advance an integrative perspective on emotion regulation that emphasizes the developmentally specific
Effects of social comparison direction, threat, and self-esteem on affect, self-evaluation, and expected success.
TLDR
Induced mood and dispositional self-esteem as determinants of affective responses to upward and downward comparisons and the impact of naturalistic threats on responses to comparison information are explored.
Effects of social comparison direction, threat, and self-esteem on affect, self-evaluation, and expected success.
TLDR
Induced mood and dispositional self-esteem as determinants of affective responses to upward and downward comparisons and the impact of naturalistic threats on responses to comparison information are explored.
The Value of Positive Psychology for Health Psychology: Progress and Pitfalls in Examining the Relation of Positive Phenomena to Health
TLDR
This article considers research on optimism, sense of coherence, and posttraumatic growth that predates the contemporary emphasis on positive psychology, but has clear and increasingly well-supported connections to health psychology and examines several potential mechanisms through which such positive phenomena may influence the etiology, progression, and management of illness.
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