• Publications
  • Influence
Learned helplessness in humans: critique and reformulation.
The learned helplessness hypothesis is criticized and reformulated. The old hypothesis, when applied to learned helplessness in humans, has two major problems: (a) It does not distinguish betweenExpand
Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression.
Summary and Future Directions On the basis of the aforementioned studies, the hopelessnesstheory appears promising. However, further research is needed.For example, although powerful tests of theExpand
The attributional Style Questionnaire
Of current interest are the causal attributions offered by depressives for the good and bad events in their lives. One important attributional account of depression is the reformulated learnedExpand
Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study.
The authors investigated the emergence of gender differences in clinical depression and the overall development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood among members of a complete birthExpand
Judgment of contingency in depressed and nondepressed students: sadder but wiser?
  • L. Alloy, L. Abramson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • 1 December 1979
How are humans' subjective judgments of contingencies related to objective contingencies? Work in social psychology and human contingency learning predicts that the greater the frequency of desiredExpand
Development of gender differences in depression: an elaborated cognitive vulnerability-transactional stress theory.
Descriptive epidemiological studies are reviewed, showing that the female preponderance in depression begins to emerge around age 13. A developmentally sensitive, elaborated cognitiveExpand
Attributional style and depressive symptoms among children.
The reformulation of helplessness theory proposes that an insidious attributional style accompanies and predisposes depressive symptoms To date, all research investigating the reformulation has usedExpand
Measuring Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression in Adolescence: Reliability, Validity, and Gender Differences
  • B. Hankin, L. Abramson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical child and adolescent…
  • 1 November 2002
Evaluated the psychometric properties of a newly created measure of cognitive vulnerability to depression for use with adolescents. Previous measures have shown poor internal consistency reliabilityExpand
Is there a universal positivity bias in attributions? A meta-analytic review of individual, developmental, and cultural differences in the self-serving attributional bias.
Researchers have suggested the presence of a self-serving attributional bias, with people making more internal, stable, and global attributions for positive events than for negative events. ThisExpand
Prospective incidence of first onsets and recurrences of depression in individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression.
Do negative cognitive styles provide similar vulnerability to first onsets versus recurrences of depressive disorders, and are these associations specific to depression? The authors followed for 2.5Expand