L'udmila Okruhlicová

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Hypertension-induced myocardial metabolic, structural and electrophysiological remodeling deteriorates with aging and contributes to both heart failure and occurrence of malignant arrhythmias. It has been shown in clinical trials that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and sudden cardiac death. We(More)
We examined whether thyroid hormones affect myocardial epsilon-PKC signalling, downstream target substrate, connexin-43 (Cx43) and arrhythmogenesis in non-diabetic and diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by a single streptozotocin injection (50mg/kg, i.v.). Triiodothyronine (T(3)) was applied by gavage (1microg/kg of body weight for 10 days) to 4 weeks and(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the antioxidant stobadine on changes in the reactivity of the rat abdominal aorta induced by ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R). In anaesthetized male rats, in vivo ischaemia was elicited by occlusion of the abdominal aorta for 18 hours; reperfusion lasted 30 minutes. The aortal rings were taken(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate myocardial nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and connexin-43 (Cx43) expression in young and old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), adult hereditary hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rats, and age-matched healthy rats without and with omega-3 PUFA supplementation for 2 months. Results showed that comparing to(More)
Disorders of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and intercellular coupling are thought to be crucial in the initiation and maintenance of malignant arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to investigate possible arrhythmogenic factors in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as well as their susceptibility to low K+-related arrhythmias. The experiments were(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxidative stress as well as inflammation processes are engaged in diabetic vascular complications. Rosmarinic acid, a natural phenol antioxidant carboxylic acid, was found to have multiple biological activity, including anti-inflammatory and antitumour effects, which are a consequence of its inhibition of the inflammatory processes and of(More)
Cardiac gap junctions have been implicated in maintaining intercellular electrical and metabolic couplings. The abnormalities in connexin-43 (Cx43) lead to conduction defects and contractile dysfunction. We have evaluated the expression and phoshorylation status of Cx43 in the left ventricular myocardium of male and female 16-month-old rats submitted to(More)
We hypothesize that hypokalemia-related electrolyte imbalance linked with abnormal elevation of intracellular free Ca2+ concentration can cause metabolic disturbances and subcellular alterations resulting in intercellular uncoupling, which favor the occurrence of malignant arrhythmias. Langendorff-perfused guinea pig heart (n = 44) was subjected to a(More)
Mitochondrial contact sites (MiCS) are structures in the mitochondrial membrane containing the structure-bound mitochondrial isoenzyme of creatine phosphokinase that participates in the transfer of energy into the cytoplasm. This explains the increased formation of MiCS found in hearts with high metabolic activity. Earlier we demonstrated that enhanced MiCS(More)
Genetic component represents an important factor in the development of hypertension, which is known to be associated with changes in expression of vascular gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43). The aim of the study was to examine the distribution and expression of Cx43 in the aortic endothelium of adult normotensive Wistar rats (W), borderline(More)