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Adult CD-1 male mice were injected intravenously with 2.5 micrograms/g of highly purified murine NGF and then assessed for hot plate responding (52 degrees C) at 15, 30, 60, 180, and 360 min (repeated test) or at 30, 60, or 360 min (single test, i.e., exposure to hot plate only once). Control animals received cytochrome c (2.5 micrograms/g). In the repeated(More)
In the rat, behavioral changes during lactation are in several ways similar to those produced by benzodiazepines (BDZ). Moreover, an increased activity at the GABA/BDZ receptor complex has been found in both conditions. We tested the hypothesis that early manipulation of this neurochemical system by prenatal BDZ exposure should affect typical responses of(More)
Subcutaneous administration of capsaicin (50 mg/kg) at Postnatal Days 2 and 5 exerted long-term effects on isolation-induced aggressive behavior of adult mice (Mus musculus) of the CD-1 strain. Isolated capsaicin-treated mice (scored during a 10-min session) showed the highest frequency and the longest duration of total attacks, attacks, rattling, and(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine released by activated immune cells which has been shown to affect brain function. In this experiment aggressive and affiliative behaviour exhibited during agonistic encounters by transgenic male mice either not expressing (IL-6 -/-) or overexpressing (NSE-hIL-6) IL-6 in the central nervous system was investigated. All(More)
Adult male mice of albino Swiss-derived CD-1 strain were used to assess the effects of capsaicin (a powerful agent that produces a marked depletion of the undecapeptide substance P) on both intraspecific aggressive behavior (induced by 8 weeks of individual housing) and pain sensitivity. Capsaicin was given SC, 48 h before behavioral testing. Aggressive(More)
Repeated injection of paraoxon to pretrained rats 2 hr before avoidance sessions, at a dose causing considerable intoxication symptoms and reduction of brain acetylcholinesterase (0.125 mg/kg SC daily), induced marked performance depression followed by progressive development of tolerance. Additional groups treated either after each session (i.e., 23.5 hr(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are amine-storing cells with heterogeneous histological, biochemical, and functional properties. They are found in connective tissue as well as in the peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) of many mammalian species. In this study we investigated whether the distribution of MCs in the CNS of adult male CD-1 mice was modified following(More)
The development of agonistic behavior was characterized in outbred Swiss CD-1 male Mus domesticus. At weaning (postnatal day [PND] 21), mice were housed either individually or as male pairs. Social encounters were carried out between dyads of initially unfamiliar same-age and same-housing subjects every 3rd day, from PND 23 to 47. The majority of both(More)