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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine released by activated immune cells which has been shown to affect brain function. In this experiment aggressive and affiliative behaviour exhibited during agonistic encounters by transgenic male mice either not expressing (IL-6 -/-) or overexpressing (NSE-hIL-6) IL-6 in the central nervous system was investigated. All(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are amine-storing cells with heterogeneous histological, biochemical, and functional properties. They are found in connective tissue as well as in the peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) of many mammalian species. In this study we investigated whether the distribution of MCs in the CNS of adult male CD-1 mice was modified following(More)
Adult CD-1 male mice were injected intravenously with 2.5 micrograms/g of highly purified murine NGF and then assessed for hot plate responding (52 degrees C) at 15, 30, 60, 180, and 360 min (repeated test) or at 30, 60, or 360 min (single test, i.e., exposure to hot plate only once). Control animals received cytochrome c (2.5 micrograms/g). In the repeated(More)
In the rat, behavioral changes during lactation are in several ways similar to those produced by benzodiazepines (BDZ). Moreover, an increased activity at the GABA/BDZ receptor complex has been found in both conditions. We tested the hypothesis that early manipulation of this neurochemical system by prenatal BDZ exposure should affect typical responses of(More)
Subcutaneous administration of capsaicin (50 mg/kg) at Postnatal Days 2 and 5 exerted long-term effects on isolation-induced aggressive behavior of adult mice (Mus musculus) of the CD-1 strain. Isolated capsaicin-treated mice (scored during a 10-min session) showed the highest frequency and the longest duration of total attacks, attacks, rattling, and(More)
Adult male mice of albino Swiss-derived CD-1 strain were used to assess the effects of capsaicin (a powerful agent that produces a marked depletion of the undecapeptide substance P) on both intraspecific aggressive behavior (induced by 8 weeks of individual housing) and pain sensitivity. Capsaicin was given SC, 48 h before behavioral testing. Aggressive(More)
Repeated injection of paraoxon to pretrained rats 2 hr before avoidance sessions, at a dose causing considerable intoxication symptoms and reduction of brain acetylcholinesterase (0.125 mg/kg SC daily), induced marked performance depression followed by progressive development of tolerance. Additional groups treated either after each session (i.e., 23.5 hr(More)
Two separate experiments were designed to assess the effects of ozone exposure on outbred CD-1 mice. In the first experiment, adult males were exposed continuously to O3 at 0, 0.3, or 0.6 ppm for 30 days and their behavior was assessed in a 5-min open-field test on exposure days 4 and 19 and on day 3 after the end of the exposure phase. In addition, mice(More)