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Adult CD-1 male mice were injected intravenously with 2.5 micrograms/g of highly purified murine NGF and then assessed for hot plate responding (52 degrees C) at 15, 30, 60, 180, and 360 min (repeated test) or at 30, 60, or 360 min (single test, i.e., exposure to hot plate only once). Control animals received cytochrome c (2.5 micrograms/g). In the repeated(More)
Peripheral administration of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in rodents reduces exploratory behavior in a novel environment while decreasing social investigation of a juvenile conspecific. In this study we wanted to test the effects of peripherally administered IL-1beta on another aspect of the mouse social repertoire, namely intraspecific fighting towards an(More)
The development of agonistic behavior was characterized in outbred Swiss CD-1 male Mus domesticus. At weaning (postnatal day [PND] 21), mice were housed either individually or as male pairs. Social encounters were carried out between dyads of initially unfamiliar same-age and same-housing subjects every 3rd day, from PND 23 to 47. The majority of both(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are amine-storing cells with heterogeneous histological, biochemical, and functional properties. They are found in connective tissue as well as in the peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) of many mammalian species. In this study we investigated whether the distribution of MCs in the CNS of adult male CD-1 mice was modified following(More)
Two separate experiments were designed to assess the effects of ozone exposure on outbred CD-1 mice. In the first experiment, adult males were exposed continuously to O3 at 0, 0.3, or 0.6 ppm for 30 days and their behavior was assessed in a 5-min open-field test on exposure days 4 and 19 and on day 3 after the end of the exposure phase. In addition, mice(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a cytokine released by activated immune cells which has been shown to affect brain function. In this experiment aggressive and affiliative behaviour exhibited during agonistic encounters by transgenic male mice either not expressing (IL-6 -/-) or overexpressing (NSE-hIL-6) IL-6 in the central nervous system was investigated. All(More)
Subcutaneous administration of capsaicin (50 mg/kg) at Postnatal Days 2 and 5 exerted long-term effects on isolation-induced aggressive behavior of adult mice (Mus musculus) of the CD-1 strain. Isolated capsaicin-treated mice (scored during a 10-min session) showed the highest frequency and the longest duration of total attacks, attacks, rattling, and(More)
Predator cues (both mammalian odour or avian vocalizations) are known to elicit fear-associated responses in rodents, including analgesia. In previous studies it was reported that spiny mice fail to show fear responses when presented with the calls of an owl. In order to test the hypothesis that this species (living in semiarid and rocky areas) may react to(More)
A literature survey and preliminary experiments with rats on the consequences of shock preexposure on subsequent activity and escape or avoidance showed the need for further work on the interactions between nondebilitating preshock and various test and treatment factors. The two main experiments used 16 preexposure conditions, namely, presence or absence of(More)