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Using differential display analysis, we compared the expression of RNA in v-mos-transformed cells and their flat revertant and isolated a novel gene, drm (down-regulated in mos-transformed cells), whose expression is down-regulated in parental v-mos-transformed cells but which is expressed at a high level in the revertant and normal rat fibroblasts (REF-1(More)
We have mapped and characterized the human homolog of Drm/Gremlin (CKTFS1B1), a member of a family of BMP antagonists that have been linked to both developmental and transformation-related functions. By screening a human cDNA library, we isolated a 3.3-kb cDNA containing the 552-bp region encoding the human DRM protein. CKTFS1B1 was localized on human(More)
Down-regulated by mos (Drm)/Gremlin is a highly conserved protein whose properties and expression pattern suggest a role in early development, tissue-specific differentiation, and cell transformation. We have investigated the biosynthesis and processing of Drm expressed endogenously in rat fibroblasts or overexpressed following transient or stable(More)
Aspartyl and cysteine proteinases at distinct stages of carcinogenesis were analyzed in rat embryo fibroblasts, sequentially immortalized and transformed by 2 different genes: the early region of simian adenovirus SA7 and c-Ha-ras oncogene. The dynamics of expression and distribution of proteinases throughout the transformation process were examined. It was(More)
Ets family genes have been cloned and characterized from a variety of species ranging from human to Drosophila. The ets proteins encode transcription factors that activate transcription via specific binding to GGAA core sequence present in various promoter/enhancers. To investigate the role of ets protooncogene expression on the growth properties of rat(More)
To study the mechanism by which v-mos induces cell transformation, we generated a transformed rat cell line (DTM) containing two functional copies of mos, one encoding the p37v-mos of the m1 wild-type strain of Moloney murine sarcoma virus (Mo-MuSV) and the other the p85gag-mos fusion protein of the ts110 mutant of Moloney murine sarcoma virus.(More)
We have characterized activation of the MAP kinase cascade in an inducible system in response to the temperature-sensitive (ts) expression of the v-mos oncogene. Transformation of immortalized rat embryo fibroblasts by a ts isolate of Moloney murine sarcoma virus (Mo-MuSVts110) constitutively activates MAP kinases (ERK-1 and ERK-2) and MAP kinase kinases(More)
We have previously shown that RSV-SR-transformed hamster cells acquire high resistance to H2O2, i.e. the cytotoxic product of activated macrophages (H2O2R) and that they begin to secrete PGE (PGES), thus inactivating the CTA of NK cells. Among normal cells, the same phenotype is expressed in activated macrophages. In all our RSV-transformed cells these 2(More)
The Drm gene, first identified in rat cells in our laboratory, appears to play a significant role in early embryo patterning and limb bud development. We have now isolated mouse Drm (mDrm) cDNA as well as genomic DNA clones and have mapped the Drm gene (Cktsf1b1) to murine chromosome 2. Cktsf1b1 is regulated in a tissue specific fashion and is expressed(More)
The percentages of cells with different types of cell surface relief were determined in cell suspensions derived from monolayer cultures. Primary cultures of rat embryo fibroblasts (REF) and cell lines REF (LT) and REF-1, immortalized cells of which preserved normal phenotypic characteristics of the initial primary culture REF, as well as morphologically(More)