L-Y Liu-Chen

Learn More
Buprenorphine (BUP) is an oripavine analgesic that is beneficial in the maintenance treatment of opiate-dependent individuals. Although BUP has been studied extensively, relatively little is known about norbuprenorphine (norBUP), a major dealkylated metabolite of BUP. We now describe the binding of norBUP to opioid and nociceptin/orphanin FQ (ORL1)(More)
Agonist-promoted internalization of some G protein-coupled receptors has been shown to mediate receptor desensitization, resensitization, and down-regulation. In this study, we investigated whether opioids induced internalization of the human and rat kappa opioid receptors stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, the potential mechanisms involved in(More)
We demonstrated previously that D3.49(164) mutations resulted in constitutive activation of the rat mu-opioid receptor and abolished receptor expression unless cells were pretreated with naloxone, an inverse agonist. In this study, we investigated the properties of the D3.49(164)Q mutant and the mechanisms underlying the effect of naloxone. Naloxone(More)
The delta opioid receptor (DOR) and mu opioid receptor (MOR) are abundantly distributed in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Simultaneous activation of each receptor by selective opiate agonists has been shown to result in synergistic analgesic effects. To determine the cellular basis for these functional associations, we examined the electron microscopic(More)
At least three types of opioid receptors have been identified in the nervous system. In this paper we report molecular cloning and expression of a rat kappa opioid receptor. PCR was performed on double-stranded cDNA derived from poly(A)+ RNA of the rat striatum with primers similar to those of Libert and co-workers [Libert, Parmentier, Lefort, Dinsart, Van(More)
Previously, we showed that the human kappa-opioid receptor (hkor) stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells underwent down-regulation after prolonged U50,488H treatment. In the present study, we determined the mechanisms underlying this process. U50, 488H caused a significant down-regulation of the hkor, although etorphine did not. Neither(More)
In this study, we examined whether the human kappa opioid receptor stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells underwent desensitization and down-regulation after prolonged exposure to the agonist (-)U50,488H. Pretreatment with (-)U50,488H led to a reduction in the magnitude of increase in [35S]GTPgammaS binding by the subsequent application of(More)
This study was to identify specific regions in kappa opioid receptors that accounted for binding selectivity of kappa ligands. Six chimeric mu/kappa receptors were constructed from cloned rat kappa and mu opioid receptors and transiently expressed in COS-1 cells. All six chimeric mu/kappa receptors bound [3H] diprenorphine with high affinities, indicating(More)
Agonist-dependent regulation of G protein-coupled receptors is dependent on their phosphorylation by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs). GRK2 and GRK3 are selectively regulated in vitro by free Gbetagamma subunits and negatively charged membrane phospholipids through their pleckstrin homology (PH) domains. However, the molecular binding determinants(More)
The roles of conserved aspartates in the third transmembrane domain of the rat mu opioid receptor (RMOR) were explored with mutations of D3.32(147) and D3.49(164). D3.49(164) in the highly conserved DRY motif was mutated to 13 amino acids. Except for the D3.49(164)E mutant, each mutant displayed little or no detectable [(3)H]diprenorphine binding, and(More)