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Low temperature is one of the most important environmental stimuli that control gene transcription programs and development in plants. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the HOS1 locus is a key negative regulator of low temperature-responsive gene transcription. The recessive hos1 mutation causes enhanced induction of the CBF transcription factors by low temperature(More)
A large genetic screen for sos (for salt overly sensitive) mutants was performed in an attempt to isolate mutations in any gene with an sos phenotype. Our search yielded 28 new alleles of sos1, nine mutant alleles of a newly identified locus, SOS2, and one allele of a third salt tolerance locus, SOS3. The sos2 mutations, which are recessive, were mapped to(More)
The impact of simultaneous environmental stresses on plants and how they respond to combined stresses compared with single stresses is largely unclear. By using a transgene (RD29A-LUC) consisting of the firefly luciferase coding sequence (LUC) driven by the stress-responsive RD29A promoter, we investigated the interactive effects of temperature, osmotic(More)
We previously found that ginsenoside Rd (Rd), one of the major active ingredients in Panax ginseng, protects neuronal cells from hydrogen peroxide and oxygen-glucose deprivation, an in vitro model of cerebral ischemia. In this study, we examined the protective effects of Rd in an animal model of focal cerebral ischemia. Rats administered with Rd or vehicle(More)
Epithelial–mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) are essential manifestations of epithelial cell plasticity during tumor progression. Transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β) modulates epithelial plasticity in tumor physiological contexts by inducing EMT, which is associated with the altered expression of genes. In the present study, we used DNA micro-array analysis to(More)
BACKGROUND Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) is the prototypical form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy, and subjects are usually very photosensitive. ULD is caused by mutations in the cystatin B (CSTB) gene; the most common mutation is expansion of a dodecamer repeat near the promoter. The authors studied a five-generation Arab family with ULD lacking(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the signal characteristics of the optic papilla (optic nerve head) on routine cranial MR images in patients with clinical evidence of optic papilla elevation caused by high intracranial pressure, and to compare these findings with findings in healthy adult volunteers. METHODS We reviewed retropectively the MR imaging examinations of 15(More)
Voxel-based morphometry studies are frequently cited as having the advantage of being objective compared to region-of-interest methods. This statement assumes, however, that all regions are treated equally both in controls and diseased cohorts. This study aimed to test whether this statement is correct by analyzing fiducial landmarks in controls,(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent post-mortem studies indicate that 30-40% of patients with clinically diagnosed progressive aphasia (PA) have Alzheimer's disease pathology, while the remainder have pathology in the FTD spectrum. This study aimed to compare the clinical features of patients from these two groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective chart review was(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the therapeutic effect of Yangxue Qingnao Granule (, YXQNG) on cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and to investigate its impact on oxidative stress, apoptosis, and the cholinergic system. METHODS Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to chronic cerebral hypoperfusion by permanent occlusion of bilateral(More)