L. W. Lapham

Learn More
Detailed clinical and neuropathological studies have been made in two fullterm newborn human infants who were exposed to methylmercury in utero as a result of maternal ingestion of methylmercury-contaminated bread in early phases of pregnancy. High levels of mercury were detected in various regions of the brain at autopsy. Study of the brains revealed a(More)
Autopsy brains were obtained from infants dying from a variety of causes within a few days of birth in a population exposed to methylmercury in fish. Infant and maternal blood and hair samples were also obtained. The concentration of total mercury in 6 major brain regions were highly correlated with maternal hair levels. This correlation was confirmed by a(More)
Golgi techniques, immunofluorescence for glial fibrillary acidic (GFA) protein, and electron microscopy (EM) were used to determine the nature of radial glia in the cerebrum of human fetuses ranging from 7 to 20 weeks of ovulation age. Successful Golgi impregnation of radial fibers was achieved in fetuses 12 weeks of age and older. These fibers spanned the(More)
Neonatal C57BL/6J mice were injected with 5 mg/kg body weight of203Hg-labeled methylmercuric chloride on postnatal days 3, 4, and 5, totaling 15 mg/kg body weight per animal. The experimental and control animals were sacrificed on postnatal day 15. Whole body radioactivity of203Hg progressively increased during the 3-day injection period and reached the(More)
Brains from 32 neonatal autopsies from the Seychelles were examined histologically and analyzed for mercury levels. Six brain regions were sampled: frontal and occipital cortex, temporal cortex with hippocampus, basal ganglia with thalamus, cerebellum, and pons with medulla. Tissue blocks for histology and mercury analysis were taken from opposing faces to(More)
The Seychelles Child Development Study is examining the association between fetal methylmercury exposure from a maternal diet high in fish and subsequent child development. The study is double blind and uses maternal hair mercury as the index of fetal exposure. An initial cross-sectional pilot study of 804 infants aged 1 to 25 months suggested that mercury(More)
Abnormal phosphorylation of the microtubule associated protein tau component of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may result from alterations in protein kinase expression. Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) has been shown to phosphorylate tau in vitro in such a way to decrease its electrophoretic(More)
Numbers of neurons and glia were counted in the cerebral cortex of one well-documented case of autism and two age- and sex-matched controls. Areas in which cell counts were made were primary auditory cortex, Broca's speech area, and auditory association cortex. No consistent differences in cell density were found between the brains of the autistic patient(More)