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Earth's water is conventionally believed to be delivered by comets or wet asteroids after the Earth formed. However, their elemental and isotopic properties are inconsistent with those of the Earth. It was thus proposed that water was introduced by adsorption onto grains in the accretion disc prior to planetary growth, with bonding energies so high as to be(More)
We investigate CO adsorption at single vacancies of graphene supported on Ni(111) and polycrystalline Cu. The borders of the vacancies are chemically inert but, on the reactive Ni(111) substrate, CO intercalation occurs. Adsorbed CO dissociates at 380 K, leading to carbide formation and mending of the vacancies, thus preventing their effectiveness in sensor(More)
Nearly two-dimensional (2D) metallic systems formed in charge inversion layers and artificial layered materials permit the existence of low-energy collective excitations, called 2D plasmons, which are not found in a three-dimensional (3D) metal. These excitations have caused considerable interest because their low energy allows them to participate in many(More)
We report here on a new experimental apparatus combining a commercial low temperature scanning tunneling microscope with a supersonic molecular beam. This setup provides a unique tool for the in situ investigation of the topography of activated adsorption systems and opens thus new interesting perspectives. It has been tested towards the formation of the(More)
The interaction of propene with Ag(001) is investigated by high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy and supersonic molecular beam methods under ultra high vacuum conditions. Propene adsorbs molecularly at 110 K and desorbs intact leaving a clean surface after annealing to 160 K. Two adsorption sites, characterized by slightly different vibrational(More)
Here, we show that the stoichiometry and, consequently, the chemical activity toward hydroxylation of MgO(100) films grown by reactive deposition on Ag(100) strongly depend on the O(2) partial pressure during film growth. Oxygen-deficient films undergo dramatic relative oxygen uptake either by exposure to a partial pressure of water vapor or by aging in(More)
The fundamental understanding of adsorption and self-organization of biological molecules at surfaces is of greatest importance for a huge variety of possible applications, ranging from molecular electronics to the study of biocompatible materials, hygiene, and biofouling. In spite of that, the characterization of the interactions of organic molecules of(More)
Free standing graphene is chemically inert but, as recently demonstrated, CO chemisorption occurs at low crystal temperature on the single layer grown by ethene dehydrogenation on Ni(111). Such layer is inhomogeneous since different phases coexist, the relative abundance of which depends on the growth conditions. Here we show by X ray photoemission and high(More)
The control of spatial orientation of molecules has a great influence on the stereodynamics of elementary processes occurring both in homogeneous and heterogeneous phases. Nonpolar molecules have so far escaped direct experimental investigations because of their poor sensitivity to several external constraints. Recently, it has been shown that the(More)
We report on a high energy resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy plus supersonic molecular beam investigation of O/Ag(210). Two components are detected in the O1s spectra upon O2 adsorption, at binding energies EB=527.7 and 529.6 eV. The former peak persists up to 470 K, while the latter one decreases abruptly above 280 K. Comparison with a previous(More)