L Tryphonas

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To study the CNS effects of domoic acid (D.A.), 6 adult Cynomolgus monkeys (M. fascicularis) were dosed intraperitoneally (4 mg/kg) or intravenously (0.025-0.5 mg/kg) with D.A. obtained from cultured mussels contaminated with this neurotoxin. Clinical signs of neurotoxicity were preceded by a short presymptomatic period (2-3 min) and an even shorter(More)
A novel type of intoxication in Canada in 1987 was traced to consumption of cultivated mussels contaminated with the excitotoxin domoic acid. Studies carried out in rats and monkeys revealed that parenterally administered domoic acid induces in rats neuroexcitatory phenomena culminating in seizures. Monkeys respond with gagging, emesis and less clearly(More)
The pathogenesis of the sensory neurotoxicity arising from high doses of pyridoxine is obscure. Beagle dogs were fed 200 mg pyridoxine/kg per day and killed at 4, 10, 14 and 16 days. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and their processes were processed for electron microscopy and teased-fiber preparation following perfusion of anesthetized animals with heparinized(More)
Ethylenethiourea (ETU)-induced early histologic changes in fetal CNS and their effect on postnatal survival was studied at 0, 15 or 30 mg/kg administered as single oral dose on day 13 of pregnancy. Fetuses, from 4-6 dams killed at post-treatment intervals of 12, 24, 48 and 72 h were fixed and studied for histopathological changes following routine methods.(More)
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