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A deletion of the Y chromosome at the distal portion of band q11 was found in 6 men with normal male habitus but with azoospermia. Five of them were found during a survey of 1170 subfertile males while the sixth was karyotyped because of slight bone abnormalities. These findings, together with a review of the literature, suggest that on the distal portion(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a hereditary neuromuscular disorder transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion. FSHD has been located by linkage analysis in the most distal part of chromosome 4q. The disease is associated with deletions within a 3.2 kb tandem repeat sequence, D4Z4. We have studied a family in which an abnormal chromosome(More)
DNA undermethylation is a characteristic feature of ICF syndrome and has been implicated in the formation of the juxtacentromeric chromosomal abnormalities of this rare syndrome. We have previously shown that in female ICF patients the inactive X chromosome (Xi) is also undermethylated. This result was unexpected since female ICF patients are not more(More)
Eleven patients with the so-called Cat Eye syndrome are reported including a more detailed description of the original cases reported by Schmid and Fraccaro. All cases had, in addition to a normal karyotype, a small extra G-like chromosome which appeared to be an isochromosome for the juxtacentromeric region (pter to q11) of an acrocentric chromosome. None(More)
Interphase behaviour of centromeric heterochromatin of chromosomes 1 and 16 has been investigated in lymphocytes and fibroblasts of patients with ICF syndrome and of normal subjects with non-isotopic in situ hybridization, using the satellite II-related probe pHuR 195. We found evidence for interphase somatic pairing in ICF lymphocytes with a frequency(More)
Instability of the centromeric region of chromosome 1 and multibranched configurations formed by different numbers and combinations of arms of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 were found in cultured lymphocytes of a 12-year-old male with combined IgA and IgE deficiency. No chromosome abnormalities were found in fibroblast cultures from the patient or in blood(More)
The frequency of spontaneous chromosome abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes and the X-ray G2 sensitivity in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) have been evaluated in heterozygous subjects from three unrelated Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) families, characterised by different mutations in the NBS1 gene. In all the 13 NBS heterozygotes analysed, we(More)