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OBJECTIVE To explore published and unpublished research into consumer understanding and use of nutrition labelling which is culturally applicable in Europe. DESIGN A systematic review undertaken between July 2002 and February 2003. RESULTS One hundred and three papers were identified that reported on consumer understanding or use of nutrition labelling,(More)
In a 16 day dietary survey of 11 subjects, twenty foods were consumed which contributed significantly to the fat intake of the group, but on which fatty acid data were not available. These twenty foods were sampled using the procedure described in the published food composition tables and analysed for their fatty acid composition. The sampling procedure and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare nutrient profile models with a standard ranking of 120 foods. DESIGN Over 700 nutrition professionals were asked to categorise 120 foods into one of six positions on the basis of their healthiness. These categorisations were used to produce a standard ranking of the 120 foods. The standard ranking was compared with the results of(More)
OBJECTIVE Nutrient profiling can be defined as the 'the science of categorising foods according to their nutritional composition'. The purpose of the present paper is to describe a systematic and logical approach to nutrient profiling. DESIGN A seven-stage decision-making process is proposed and, as an illustration of how the approach might operate in(More)
This paper suggests strategies for implementing the EU food based dietary guidelines. Dietary guidelines have been developed and disseminated in many countries across the world. However, the EU guidelines are the first to include a specific section on implementation. The aims of the guidelines are twofold, 1) to provide food based dietary guidelines which(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a basis for making recommendations on the potential to improve use of folic acid supplements in the UK, particularly among low-income and young women. DESIGN Systematic reviews of relevant research from 1989 to May 2006 in Europe, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. RESULTS Twenty-six systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Europe is high. It is a major cause of the overall rates of many of the main chronic (or non communicable) diseases in this region and is characterized by an unequal socio-economic distribution within the population. Obesity is largely determined by modifiable lifestyle behaviours such as low physical(More)
This paper describes the results of testing two types of modification to Model WXY to deal with issues raised during the recent consultation on the model. These issues were that: a) Some processed foods with particularly high levels of fat, sugar or salt were not categorised as 'high in fat, salt or sugar' foods because of their protein content b) The(More)
A questionnaire on consumption of foods high in fat and attitudes towards these foods was completed by 518 subjects. The attitudes assessment followed the theory proposed by Fishbein & Ajzen (1975). The person's own feelings towards consumption of a type of food was found to be a good predictor of consumption, both for the individual type of food and for an(More)
BACKGROUND The UK Food Standards Agency Board identified four options to increase folate intake in women of reproductive age in order to reduce the risk of neural tube defect (NTD) affected pregnancies; these ranged from continuing with current policy, to mandatory fortification of bread or flour with folic acid. In order to appraise these options, the(More)