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Attack of plants by necrotizing pathogens leads to acquired resistance to the same or other pathogens in tissues adjacent to or remotely located from the site of initial attack. We have used Arabidopsis thaliana inoculated with the incompatible pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv syringae on the lower leaves to test the induction of systemic reactions. When(More)
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea, L.) cells in liquid culture release peroxidases. This release is reduced by EGTA and promoted by calcium ions. In a medium deprived of calcium the rate of peroxidase release is low, but immediately after addition of I mM calcium there is a sudden increase of the extracellular peroxidase activity. Extracellular calcium apparently(More)
Gibberellin-treated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aleurone cell protoplasts have been shown previously to contain two alpha-amylase isozymes which are not secreted (JV Jacobsen, JA Zwar, PM Chandler 1985 Planta 13: 430-438). This report shows that these intracellular forms are immunochemically related to the low isoelectric point but not the high isoelectric(More)
alpha-Amylases (EC 3.2.1.1) secreted by the aleurone layer of barley grains are Ca2+-containing metalloenzymes. We studied the effect of Ca2+ on the activity and structure of the two major groups of aleurone alpha-amylase by incubating affinity purified enzyme in solutions containing Ca2+ from pCa 4 to 7. Both groups of isoforms required one atom of(More)
Sugarbeet cells from normal and habituated callus released peroxidases in liquid cultures, in proportion to their endogenous level. Calcium promoted this release more in the normal than in the habituated line. Treatment of the cells with sodium azide, sodium hydrogenarsenate or phenothiazine inhibited the calcium effect, which indicated a dependence on(More)
Posttranslational modifications that give rise to multiple forms of alpha-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Himalaya) were studied. When analyzed by denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, barley alpha-amylase has a molecular mass of 43 to 44 kilodaltons, but isoelectric focusing resolves the enzyme into a large number of(More)
The subcellular site of the posttranslational modification of alpha-amylase was investigated in aleurone layers of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Himalaya). Aleurone layers of Himalaya barley synthesize and secrete two groups of alpha-amylase isoforms, referred to as low-isoelectric point (low-pl) or HAMY1 and high-pl or HAMY2, when incubated in gibberellic(More)
A plant-derived in vitro system for the study of cotranslational processing of plant endomembrane proteins has been developed and used to investigate cotranslational proteolytic processing of tomato proteinase inhibitor I. Translation of the inhibitor I precursor in wheat germ lysate supplemented with barley aleurone microsomal membranes resulted in(More)
The effects of heat shock on the synthesis of alpha-amylase and on the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of barley (Hordeum vulgare) aleurone were studied. Heat shock, imposed by raising the temperature of incubation from 25 degrees C to 40 degrees C for 3 hours, inhibits the accumulation of alpha-amylase and other proteins in the incubation(More)
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