L. Spencer

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The work of the British Aerospace Dependable Computing Systems Centre includes the development of formal techniques for use in defining and tracing requirements for software systems at the system architecture level. A basic repertoire of techniques proposed so far includes the graphical representation of timing requirements allied to model-oriented(More)
Based on Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) maps from the 2013 Planck Mission data release, this paper presents the detection of the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect, i.e., the correlation between the CMB and large-scale evolving gravitational potentials. The significance of detection ranges from 2 to 4 σ, depending on which method is used. We investigate(More)
We report the results of a joint analysis of data from BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck. BICEP2 and Keck Array have observed the same approximately 400  deg^{2} patch of sky centered on RA 0 h, Dec. -57.5°. The combined maps reach a depth of 57 nK deg in Stokes Q and U in a band centered at 150 GHz. Planck has observed the full sky in polarization at seven(More)
We present a detailed analysis of the far-infrared (-IR) properties of the bright, lensed, z = 2.3, submillimetre-selected galaxy (SMG), SMM J2135−0102 (hereafter SMM J2135), using new observations with Herschel, SCUBA-2 and the Very Large Array (VLA). These data allow us to constrain the galaxy's spectral energy distribution (SED) and show that it has an(More)
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